Racial Equity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity


Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20

What does this measure?

Median household income, inflated to 2020 dollars, broken down by race/ethnicity. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Examining income for different racial and ethnic groups is important as a measure of inequity.

How does our county compare?

In 2016-20, median incomes in Lancaster County were highest among Asian and white residents, at $73,109 and $71,564, respectively, and lowest among Hispanic and African American residents, at $47,573 and $44,549, respectively. The income disparity between white/Asian and African American/Hispanic earners was similar to the pattern of overall Pennsylvania and U.S. disparities. While Lancaster County median incomes were slightly above Pennsylvania averages for African Americans, Hispanics and whites, it was below U.S. median incomes for Hispanics and Asians, and slightly above the U.S. median for African Americans and whites.

Incomes were lower for all groups in the City of Lancaster: $36,985 for Asians, $42,627 for African Americans, $39,779 for Hispanics and $54,239 for whites.

Most groups in Lancaster County saw median incomes drop between 2000 and 2016-20, but Hispanics saw an increase.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in income are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of black Americans even after emancipation to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. Structural racism perpetuated by policies and practices that systematically disadvantage African American and Latino communities include inequitable education, low wages, job and wage discrimination, lack of access to capital, and globalization. Even when a recovery from the current economic crisis occurs, it is not expected to make up for the pre-existing racial disparities experienced over time unless policies are enacted to address these gaps.

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2020 dollars. The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Lancaster County$73,109$44,549$47,573$71,564
Lancaster City$36,985*$42,627$39,779$54,239
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown boroughN/A***$63,906*N/A***$77,188*
Akron boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$69,886*
Christiana boroughN/A***$51,042N/A***$69,375
Columbia boroughN/A***$34,400**$31,277$44,988
Denver township$76,023*N/A***$58,651$65,484
East Petersburg boroughN/A***N/A***$142,552***$76,869
Elizabethtown boroughN/A***N/A***$24,036$59,534
Ephrata boroughN/A***$22,000***$38,070***$55,810
Lititz boroughN/A***N/A***$65,484**$71,682
Manheim boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$61,216
Marietta boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$54,402
Millersville boroughN/A***N/A***$71,587**$54,894*
Mount Joy boroughN/A***$27,550***N/A***$67,260
Mountville boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$64,620**
New Holland boroughN/A***N/A***$114,063***$52,667*
Quarryville boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$66,136
Strasburg boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$69,847
Terre Hill boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$61,563*
Lancaster County Townships
Bart townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$70,852*
Brecknock townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$80,505
Caernarvon townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$74,459*
Clay townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$70,107
Colerain townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$73,781
Conestoga townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$75,307
Conoy townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$88,304
Drumore townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$71,161*
Earl townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$61,418
East Cocalico townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$76,615
East Donegal townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$79,052
East Drumore townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$57,500
East Earl townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$89,311
East Hempfield township$65,591**N/A***N/A***$80,989
East Lampeter township$75,625**$43,681***N/A***$74,880
Eden townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$69,044*
Elizabeth townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$75,476
Ephrata township$50,000*N/A***$45,417***$62,354
Fulton townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$73,041
Lancaster township$141,727$81,176***$51,820*$66,361
Leacock townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$66,930
Little Britain townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$62,196*
Manheim township$99,592$81,397***$64,938**$80,254
Manor township$116,667**N/A***$63,605$72,725
Martic townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$77,443*
Mount Joy townshipN/A***N/A***$43,821*$79,693
Paradise townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$80,495
Penn townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$66,806
Pequea townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$91,902*
Providence townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$71,368
Rapho townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$78,304
Sadsbury townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$71,544
Salisbury townshipN/A***N/A***$135,500*$82,238
Strasburg townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$77,159*
Upper Leacock townshipN/A***$33,375***N/A***$73,267
Warwick township$45,441***$85,179***$45,993**$82,449
West Cocalico townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$76,458
West Donegal townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$76,346*
West Earl township$91,346*N/A***$130,636**$82,025
West Hempfield township$114,837***N/A***$32,731**$79,338
West Lampeter township$56,168**$250,001N/A***$87,760
Berks County$56,528***$55,668$41,234$70,043
Chester County$137,450$57,309$71,281$106,618
Cumberland County$92,116$38,547$55,841$72,856
Dauphin County$79,727*$41,928$44,377$69,685
Lebanon County$73,056**$46,192$39,746*$63,331
York County$57,500*$49,811$44,422$70,711

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2020 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Prekindergarten Participation
Student Performance on Grade 3 English
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math
Student Performance on Grade 8 English
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math
Student Performance in Grade 11 English
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math
Per-Student Spending
Students Receiving Special Education Services
Rate of Foster Care Admissions
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Disengaged Youth
Plans of High School Graduates
Enrollment in Local Colleges
College Graduation Rates
Brain Drain/Gain
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Average Charitable Giving
Voter Registration Rate
Voter Participation Rate
Age of Housing Stock
Violent Crime Rate
Incarceration Rate
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Population Density
Air Quality
Water Use
Waterways Impaired by Pollution
Population by Age
Change in Population by Age and Gender
Population by Race/Ethnicity
People with Disabilities
Foreign-Born Population
Language Diversity
Change in Employment by Sector
Sector Share of Total Jobs
Workers by Occupation
Change in Labor Force
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work
Average Salary by Sector
Change in Average Salary Since 2000
Female to Male Earnings Ratio
Employer Size
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector
Change in Total Agricultural Sales
Spending for Local Government
Spending for School Districts
Children Living in Poverty
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Veterans Living in Poverty
Working Poor
Median Household Income by Household Type
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch
Median Home Value
Occupied Housing Units
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Median Rent
Cost of Renting
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity
People Without Health Insurance
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Health Status
Prevalence of Mental Illness
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese
Mortality Rates
Fatal Drug Overdoses
Cancer Incidence
Households With Internet Access
High-Tech Jobs
STEM Graduates
Science and Engineering Research and Development
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Population by Race/Ethnicity
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity