Racial Equity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity


Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18

What does this measure?

Median household income, inflated to 2018 dollars, broken down by race/ethnicity. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Examining income for different racial and ethnic groups is important as a measure of inequity.

How does our county compare?

In 2014-18, median incomes in Lancaster County were highest among Asian and white residents, at $70,792 and $65,683, respectively, and lowest among Hispanic and African American residents, at $40,494 and $39,940, respectively. The income disparity between white/Asian and African American/Hispanic earners was similar to the pattern of overall Pennsylvania and U.S. disparities. While Lancaster County median incomes were slightly above Pennsylvania averages for African Americans, Hispanics and whites, it was below U.S. median incomes for African Americans, Hispanics and Asians, and slightly above the U.S. median for whites.

Incomes were lower for all groups in the City of Lancaster: $40,694 for Asians, $38,738 for African Americans, $32,005 for Hispanics and $47,060 for whites.

All groups in Lancaster County saw median incomes drop between 2000 and 2014-18.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in income are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of black Americans even after emancipation to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. Structural racism perpetuated by policies and practices that systematically disadvantage African American and Latino communities include inequitable education, low wages, job and wage discrimination, lack of access to capital, and globalization. Even when a recovery from the current economic crisis occurs, it is not expected to make up for the pre-existing racial disparities experienced over time unless policies are enacted to address these gaps.

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2018 dollars. The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Lancaster County$70,792$39,940$40,494$65,683
Lancaster City$40,694$38,738$32,005$47,060
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown boroughN/A***$64,018**$40,909*$76,750
Akron boroughN/A***N/A***$52,276***$59,980
Columbia borough$52,656***$29,318*$26,141**$40,571
Denver townshipN/A***N/A***$67,708***$57,371
East Petersburg boroughN/A***N/A***$92,740$80,588
Elizabethtown borough$85,804***N/A***$40,104***$59,946
Ephrata boroughN/A***$19,531***$36,259$50,747
Lititz boroughN/A***N/A***$97,630*$61,929
Manheim boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$50,469
Marietta boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$53,073
Millersville boroughN/A***N/A***$140,362***$51,838
Mount Joy boroughN/A***$53,108***N/A***$63,000
Mountville boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$55,967
New Holland boroughN/A***N/A***$110,100***$57,834
Quarryville boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$62,143
Strasburg boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$66,731
Terre Hill boroughN/A***N/A***N/A***$72,604
Lancaster County Townships
Bart townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$60,469
Brecknock townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$64,873
Caernarvon townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$72,500
Clay townshipN/A***$26,406***N/A***$65,962
Colerain townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$72,550
Conestoga townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$73,475
Conoy townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$76,593
Drumore townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$73,438
Earl townshipN/A***N/A***$33,542***$57,857
East Cocalico townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$72,444
East Donegal townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$74,681
East Drumore townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$65,327
East Earl townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$70,443
East Hempfield township$54,795*$32,917$33,309**$77,173
East Lampeter township$77,950*$45,500N/A***$58,473
Eden townshipN/A***N/A***$138,889***$65,284
Elizabeth townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$79,738
Ephrata township$52,188***N/A***$48,560$65,413
Fulton townshipN/A***N/A***$73,750**$61,793
Lancaster townshipN/A***$57,656**$47,201$62,168
Leacock townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$59,818
Little Britain townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$71,044
Manheim township$94,923*$73,409***$58,558$77,369
Manor township$81,016**$32,188*$50,602$66,095
Martic townshipN/A***N/A***$17,171***$70,761
Mount Joy townshipN/A***N/A***$35,476***$69,501
Paradise townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$61,016*
Penn townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$68,812
Pequea townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$78,750
Providence townshipN/A***N/A***$25,884***$59,808*
Rapho townshipN/A***N/A***$81,012***$72,256
Sadsbury townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$79,145
Salisbury townshipN/A***N/A***$102,273***$73,133
Strasburg townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$73,081
Upper Leacock township$101,500***$29,769***$63,182**$62,230
Warwick township$76,750N/A***$32,083***$76,326
West Cocalico townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$66,743
West Donegal townshipN/A***N/A***N/A***$75,341
West Earl townshipN/A***N/A***$106,078*$75,179
West Hempfield township$81,500***$65,521***N/A***$75,468
West Lampeter townshipN/A***$250,001N/A***$77,221
Berks County$71,591*$43,118$33,710$64,326
Chester County$139,004$56,236$58,213$97,888
Cumberland County$93,424$37,703$48,708$69,642
Dauphin County$58,773$40,126$42,065$65,152
Lebanon County$60,500**$41,275$39,059$61,415
York County$60,361$49,283$35,035$65,359

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2018 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Prekindergarten Participation
Student Performance on Grade 3 English
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math
Student Performance on Grade 8 English
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math
Student Performance in Grade 11 English
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math
Per-Student Spending
Students Receiving Special Education Services
Rate of Foster Care Admissions
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Disengaged Youth
Plans of High School Graduates
Enrollment in Local Colleges
College Graduation Rates
Brain Drain/Gain
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Average Charitable Giving
Voter Registration Rate
Voter Participation Rate
Age of Housing Stock
Violent Crime Rate
Incarceration Rate
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Population Density
Air Quality
Water Use
Waterways Impaired by Pollution
Population by Age
Change in Population by Age and Gender
Population by Race/Ethnicity
People with Disabilities
Foreign-Born Population
Language Diversity
Change in Employment by Sector
Sector Share of Total Jobs
Workers by Occupation
Change in Labor Force
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work
Average Salary by Sector
Change in Average Salary Since 2000
Female to Male Earnings Ratio
Employer Size
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector
Change in Total Agricultural Sales
Spending for Local Government
Spending for School Districts
Children Living in Poverty
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Veterans Living in Poverty
Working Poor
Median Household Income by Household Type
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Living Wage
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch
Median Home Value
Occupied Housing Units
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Median Rent
Cost of Renting
Households Without Vehicles
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity
People Without Health Insurance
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
Health Status
Prevalence of Mental Illness
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese
Mortality Rates
Fatal Drug Overdoses
Cancer Incidence
Households With Internet Access
High-Tech Jobs
STEM Graduates
Science and Engineering Research and Development
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Population by Race/Ethnicity
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity