Children And Education
Student Performance on Grade 3 English

Decreasing


Student Performance on Grade 3 English, 2021

What does this measure?

The percentage of students considered proficient or advanced on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Grade 3 English Language Arts exam, reported for both the total student population and those students defined as "historically underperforming." Pennsylvania defines historically underperforming groups as students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English language learners.

Why is this important?

Early literacy skills are critical to a successful school experience. Third grade is considered an important milestone in a student's career in terms of reading proficiency and is correlated to whether a student will graduate high school. Proficiency among historically underperforming students can show whether districts and education policymakers have made progress in closing the achievement gap between traditionally underserved groups and other students.

How does our county compare?

In 2021, 60% of students in Lancaster County and 33% of Lancaster City School District scored as proficient or advanced on the PSSA Grade 3 English Language Arts exam, down from 65% in the County and 42% in the District in 2019. In contrast, 42% of historically underperforming students in Lancaster County and 30% of historically underperforming students in the Lancaster City School District passed the exam, down from 50% in the County and 41% in the District in 2019. Lancaster County's 2021 rate for all students and historically underperforming students was above the statewide rates of 58% and 40% respectively.

Compared with surrounding counties, Lancaster County has the third highest proficiency rate among all students, following Chester (69%) and Cumberland (66%), and the second highest performance rate among historically underperforming students, following Cumberland County at 47%. Lancaster County's share of historically underperforming students in third grade rated as proficient (42%) is the same as Chester and higher than York (40%), Lebanon (37%), Berks (42%) and Dauphin (28%).

Notes about the data

As assessments vary among states, it is not possible to include comparable data for the nation or other areas in this indicator. Data are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

The Spring 2020 PSSA was cancelled in March 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. 2021 PSSA results were delayed. 2021 results may not reflect representative samples of the schools' students. Cross-year comparisons of proficiency are likely to be inaccurate for this reason.

Student Performance on Grade 3 English, 2021
All StudentsHistorically Underperforming
Pennsylvania58%40%
Lancaster County60%42%
School District of Lancaster33%30%
Pequea Valley School District42%35%
Penn Manor School District70%58%
Manheim Township School District76%52%
Manheim Central School District68%51%
Lampeter-Strasburg School District76%49%
Hempfield School District69%46%
Ephrata Area School District68%56%
Solanco School District56%39%
Eastern Lancaster County School District47%35%
Donegal School District55%32%
Warwick School District57%40%
Elizabethtown Area School District73%54%
Conestoga Valley School District60%39%
Columbia Borough School District39%31%
Cocalico School District67%51%
Dauphin County47%28%
Berks County51%32%
Chester County69%42%
Cumberland County66%47%
York County58%40%
Lebanon County54%37%

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, 2021
All StudentsHistorically Underperforming
Pennsylvania53,04118,761
Lancaster County2,382869
School District of Lancaster184155
Pequea Valley School District4022
Penn Manor School District259106
Manheim Township School District28666
Manheim Central School District11835
Lampeter-Strasburg School District14930
Hempfield School District28285
Ephrata Area School District16979
Solanco School District11240
Eastern Lancaster County School District9133
Donegal School District9529
Warwick School District13333
Elizabethtown Area School District16749
Conestoga Valley School District15450
Columbia Borough School District2717
Cocalico School District11640
Dauphin County1,054374
Berks County1,633558
Chester County3,108629
Cumberland County1,308394
York County2,418801
Lebanon County708257

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Decreasing
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Decreasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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