Demographics
Language Diversity

Increasing


Language Diversity

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What does this measure?

The share of people 5 and older in a geographic area who speak a language other than English at home. This includes both people who speak English well and those who do not.

Why is this important?

Language diversity can indicate a growing bilingual or multilingual population, and it may also indicate a need for language instruction or bilingual services and communication.

How does our county compare?

In 2014-18, 17% of Lancaster County residents spoke a language other than English at home, up 4 percentage points since 2000. This was higher than Pennsylvania, at 11%, but less than the U.S., at 21%. Both the state and nation had slightly smaller increases since 2000 than Lancaster County during this period.

The City of Lancaster had the most language diversity--more than a third of its population speak a language other than English in their homes, followed by Berks County at 19%. All surrounding counties saw increases in this population since 2000 lead by Berks County which experienced the highest increase of 6 percentage points since 2000, followed by Lebanon County with 5 points.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Language Diversity
20002009-132014-18
Pennsylvania8%10%11%
Lancaster County13%16%17%
Lancaster City31%35%35%
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough6%3%***11%***
Akron borough7%12%***8%***
Columbia borough5%8%*11%*
Denver township6%3%***8%**
East Petersburg borough3%9%**6%***
Elizabethtown borough5%4%*7%*
Ephrata borough9%10%*9%*
Lititz borough4%8%***7%**
Manheim borough4%5%***6%***
Marietta borough5%2%***3%***
Millersville borough7%8%*8%**
Mount Joy borough5%7%***8%**
Mountville borough5%16%**13%***
New Holland borough11%15%**7%***
Quarryville borough5%7%***7%***
Strasburg borough5%5%***5%***
Terre Hill borough7%8%***10%***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township45%57%48%
Brecknock township18%12%*13%*
Caernarvon township21%27%*25%*
Clay township7%10%**20%*
Colerain township30%38%*49%*
Conestoga township2%3%***2%***
Conoy township2%5%***4%***
Drumore township15%33%*17%*
Earl township31%38%
East Cocalico township10%12%*13%***
East Donegal township3%3%***4%**
East Drumore township10%8%**14%**
East Earl township24%37%*31%*
East Hempfield township7%8%11%
East Lampeter township16%18%24%
Eden township27%28%*48%
Elizabeth township6%5%***9%***
Ephrata township10%15%*15%*
Fulton township9%22%**26%*
Lancaster township13%25%28%
Leacock township61%57%54%
Little Britain township15%16%**17%**
Manheim township9%11%15%
Manor township5%7%*7%*
Martic township4%13%***13%**
Mount Joy township2%4%**4%***
Paradise township25%41%41%
Penn township8%6%**8%**
Pequea township6%2%***6%***
Providence township5%8%***10%**
Rapho township5%4%***6%**
Sadsbury township30%32%41%
Salisbury township25%35%37%
Strasburg township20%19%**23%*
Upper Leacock township29%35%
Warwick township6%7%*9%*
West Cocalico township5%5%**4%***
West Donegal township2%2%***1%***
West Earl township23%28%*30%*
West Hempfield township7%8%*9%*
West Lampeter township4%4%*6%*
Berks County13%17%19%
Chester County9%12%
Cumberland County6%8%10%
Dauphin County9%11%12%
Lebanon County8%10%13%
York County5%7%8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People who Speak a Language Other Than English at Home
20002009-132014-18
Pennsylvania972,4841,239,1791,360,471
Lancaster County57,46876,05586,210
Lancaster City16,08119,16519,613
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough6446***219***
Akron borough253431***298***
Columbia borough517740*1,054*
Denver township187124***296**
East Petersburg borough139393**247***
Elizabethtown borough587394*771*
Ephrata borough1,1141,248*1,208*
Lititz borough373740***637**
Manheim borough188215***266***
Marietta borough13450***71***
Millersville borough532650*663**
Mount Joy borough341507***605**
Mountville borough120431**362***
New Holland borough551748**366***
Quarryville borough100174***183***
Strasburg borough135137***137***
Terre Hill borough76107***115***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township1,2251,5471,421
Brecknock township1,118800*957*
Caernarvon township8251,170*1,092*
Clay township327571**1,267*
Colerain township8881,215*1,657*
Conestoga township86102***58***
Conoy township66165***125***
Drumore township300757*416*
Earl township1,7292,527
East Cocalico township9121,155*1,300***
East Donegal township161198***276**
East Drumore township327286**510**
East Earl township1,2362,266*1,933*
East Hempfield township1,3291,9042,591
East Lampeter township1,9782,7953,853
Eden township453551*918
Elizabeth township229174***323***
Ephrata township7691,355*1,400*
Fulton township220640**783*
Lancaster township1,7103,7914,410
Leacock township2,6502,7312,690
Little Britain township478641**657**
Manheim township2,9273,8665,781
Manor township7351,373*1,414*
Martic township204648***611**
Mount Joy township175411**370***
Paradise township1,0771,9742,065
Penn township561512**740**
Pequea township26491***253***
Providence township310490***676**
Rapho township368412***676**
Sadsbury township8049911,256
Salisbury township2,2083,4563,862
Strasburg township751730**922*
Upper Leacock township2,2122,807
Warwick township8661,156*1,528*
West Cocalico township341340**295***
West Donegal township138135***71***
West Earl township1,4462,088*2,276*
West Hempfield township9521,229*1,424*
West Lampeter township547605*854*
Berks County44,44264,63874,698
Chester County35,41460,553
Cumberland County11,49517,55022,340
Dauphin County20,16626,55430,169
Lebanon County9,03912,18216,909
York County19,17227,10131,428

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Not Applicable
Per-Student Spending Not Applicable
Students Receiving Special Education Services Not Applicable
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Not Applicable
College Graduation Rates Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Not Applicable
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Not Applicable
Air Quality Not Applicable
Water Use Not Applicable
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Not Applicable
Spending for Local Government Not Applicable
Spending for School Districts Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Working Poor Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Not Applicable
Median Home Value Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Not Applicable
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Not Applicable
Fatal Drug Overdoses Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
STEM Graduates Not Applicable
Science and Engineering Research and Development Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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