Economy
Change in Labor Force

Decreasing


Percent Change in Labor Force

What does this measure?

Growth or decline in the total number of people available for work, including currently employed individuals, unemployed individuals, and individuals able to work but not actively seeking work at the time.

Why is this important?

The size of the labor force is an indicator of people's willingness and ability to find work. In a period of rapid economic growth, a larger share of the population (including teens, second earners in a family, and elders) will find roles in the workforce. The statistic indicates the health of an economy, particularly when considered along with the unemployment rate, which measures the proportion of the workforce that lacks jobs, but is seeking work.

How does our county compare?

In 2020, there were 27,700 people in the City of Lancaster labor force, a 2.3% increase from the previous year, and 5% growth since 2000.

In 2020, there were 281,700 people in Lancaster County's labor force, a 1.3% decrease from the previous year. Lancaster County's labor force was larger than in neighboring counties, followed by Chester, which is slightly smaller. Between 2000 and 2020, Lancaster County's labor force dropped 1.3%, a decrease slightly smaller than the nation and Pennsylvania, both at -1.7%. Two neighboring counties - Dauphin (-0.2%) and Lebanon (-0.9%) - experienced smaller loses than Lancaster did. Chester and Berks saw decreases in their labor forces that were higher than Lancaster, while Cumberland and York were similar.

Notes about the data

County-level estimates are based on relatively small samples, and the true number may vary considerably from the estimate. Data for this indicator are released annually in April.

Percent Change in Labor Force
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania0.2%1.2%0.6%-0.9%0.9%0.7%0.7%0.8%1.5%-0.6%-0.6%0.3%1.1%-0.5%-0.5%0.5%0.6%-0.6%0.2%1.0%-1.7%
Lancaster County1.1%1.6%1.9%-1.1%2.7%1.3%-0.2%0.9%1.6%-1.6%-0.9%-0.6%1.2%0.4%1.0%1.4%0.8%0.2%1.3%1.1%-1.3%
Lancaster City3.0%0.8%1.1%-2.1%1.6%-0.3%-1.5%0.0%1.0%0.2%1.8%-1.2%0.6%-0.6%-0.5%0.4%0.1%0.1%0.5%0.4%2.3%
Berks County4.5%0.9%0.5%-2.7%1.5%1.6%1.3%0.9%1.5%-1.1%2.7%0.1%0.8%-0.3%0.1%0.9%0.5%-0.6%0.3%1.3%-2.0%
Chester County-1.9%2.3%1.5%0.5%1.4%2.4%2.7%1.4%2.4%-2.0%0.3%0.3%1.1%0.1%0.3%1.3%1.3%0.0%0.7%1.8%-2.7%
Cumberland County-7.5%1.6%1.9%-0.9%1.2%1.2%1.9%0.8%1.9%-0.5%-0.7%0.1%1.1%-0.1%0.4%1.9%1.5%-0.1%0.4%1.7%-1.7%
Dauphin County-6.8%1.0%1.4%-1.5%0.5%0.4%0.7%0.6%1.4%-0.5%2.2%0.0%0.5%-0.6%-0.6%1.3%0.9%-0.0%0.3%1.4%-0.2%
Lebanon County-3.0%2.5%1.5%-0.3%3.2%1.9%1.4%1.3%1.5%-0.6%-4.0%-0.2%1.5%-0.4%-0.7%0.0%0.9%0.0%0.8%1.6%-0.9%
York County5.5%0.8%-0.1%-0.5%2.3%1.9%1.6%1.3%1.5%-0.9%1.3%0.2%1.1%-0.6%-0.4%1.0%1.1%-0.3%0.0%0.7%-1.4%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




Total Labor Force
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania6,105,7426,178,9006,214,5396,157,9356,212,8286,256,6426,297,9646,346,5886,439,7866,400,2386,360,6056,381,7496,449,0236,419,8376,389,0596,423,1556,458,8916,421,9946,432,1546,496,7856,387,869
Lancaster County251,341255,443260,217257,311264,382267,780267,175269,648274,034269,588267,223265,492268,700269,656272,259276,028278,301278,795282,318285,560281,736
Lancaster City26,40926,62126,92126,35026,76726,68826,30026,30026,57226,62627,11126,78726,93826,77426,64326,75026,76726,80726,94027,05327,671
Berks County195,243196,986197,993192,722195,670198,879201,450203,172206,125203,880209,477209,654211,336210,607210,765212,575213,539212,331212,972215,799211,486
Chester County236,560242,022245,764246,928250,457256,501263,433267,246273,712268,170268,854269,597272,533272,790273,533277,098280,798280,801282,820287,955280,096
Cumberland County114,152115,934118,094117,051118,428119,902122,172123,205125,594124,917124,102124,189125,535125,406125,954128,408130,295130,121130,673132,897130,651
Dauphin County131,699133,019134,908132,924133,571134,054135,023135,876137,831137,080140,162140,192140,870140,007139,179141,032142,301142,287142,727144,659144,428
Lebanon County64,34765,93166,92566,73068,88270,17071,18272,13973,22972,77469,85769,70970,77870,52170,05170,08170,69470,69471,25672,43071,763
York County209,589211,323211,123210,048214,949219,091222,524225,503228,801226,702229,698230,193232,731231,382230,354232,597235,081234,490234,556236,166232,812

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Decreasing
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Decreasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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