Financial Security
Children Living in Poverty

Increasing


Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The number of children under 18 who live below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2018, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $25,465.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives. Studies have found that the stress of living in poverty can cause biological changes in children that can lead to long-term health problems.

How does our county compare?

In 2014-18, 14% of children in Lancaster County lived below the poverty line. This was lower than the statewide childhood poverty rate of 18%, and the national rate of 20%. The county's rate rose 3 percentage points since 2000 - the same increase as Pennsylvania and the nation.

In the City of Lancaster in 2014-18, 36% of children lived below the poverty line. This was an increase of 6 percentage points since 2000.

The percentage of children living below the poverty line in Lancaster County in 2014-18 was higher than in Chester (8%) and Cumberland (10%) counties. Lancaster was most similar to York (15%) and Lebanon (16%) and below Berks (20%) and Dauphin (21%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
Pennsylvania15%19%18%
Lancaster County11%15%14%
Lancaster City30%43%36%
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough3%6%***0%***
Akron borough5%10%***2%***
Columbia borough19%32%*36%*
Denver township5%6%***16%**
East Petersburg borough5%10%***0%***
Elizabethtown borough7%6%***10%***
Ephrata borough7%8%***15%*
Lititz borough4%12%***5%***
Manheim borough9%20%**14%***
Marietta borough12%8%***35%**
Millersville borough10%10%***3%***
Mount Joy borough10%18%***6%***
Mountville borough13%0%***41%***
New Holland borough8%25%***19%***
Quarryville borough11%9%***26%**
Strasburg borough5%10%***19%***
Terre Hill borough7%9%***4%***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township20%9%***10%***
Brecknock township16%5%***3%***
Caernarvon township12%16%**15%**
Clay township8%18%**11%**
Colerain township17%8%***21%**
Conestoga township3%3%***3%***
Conoy township6%4%***24%**
Drumore township8%35%*18%***
Earl township26%29%**14%**
East Cocalico township5%14%**4%***
East Donegal township1%4%***9%***
East Drumore township23%11%***7%***
East Earl township9%11%**9%***
East Hempfield township4%5%**12%**
East Lampeter township11%14%**8%**
Eden township11%22%**21%**
Elizabeth township6%15%***8%***
Ephrata township9%9%**3%***
Fulton township18%22%**17%**
Lancaster township18%25%*22%*
Leacock township20%3%***7%***
Little Britain township20%2%***2%***
Manheim township4%7%**7%**
Manor township4%9%**6%***
Martic township2%15%***9%***
Mount Joy township4%23%**14%***
Paradise township12%14%**31%*
Penn township6%0%***8%***
Pequea township6%14%***0%***
Providence township9%22%**26%***
Rapho township3%5%***0%***
Sadsbury township21%13%**12%**
Salisbury township12%9%**10%***
Strasburg township5%8%***8%***
Upper Leacock township11%23%*22%*
Warwick township6%4%***11%**
West Cocalico township2%2%***9%***
West Donegal township1%2%***4%***
West Earl township10%16%**20%**
West Hempfield township7%6%***8%***
West Lampeter township3%5%***4%***
Berks County13%22%20%
Chester County5%8%8%
Cumberland County8%11%10%
Dauphin County14%20%21%
Lebanon County11%17%16%
York County9%15%15%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
Pennsylvania421,745509,623475,463
Lancaster County13,74018,94317,827
Lancaster City4,4426,3605,036
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough826***0***
Akron borough4480***17***
Columbia borough460840*829*
Denver township4844***164**
East Petersburg borough6296***0***
Elizabethtown borough151126***191***
Ephrata borough222210***524*
Lititz borough82240***97***
Manheim borough100201**142***
Marietta borough7843***196**
Millersville borough8087***28***
Mount Joy borough149294***92***
Mountville borough590***311***
New Holland borough84319***199***
Quarryville borough6048***213**
Strasburg borough3575***143***
Terre Hill borough2328***14***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township237118***115***
Brecknock township346104***45***
Caernarvon township165238**216**
Clay township127285**202**
Colerain township20099***308**
Conestoga township2724***23***
Conoy township5126***191**
Drumore township55337*132***
Earl township503563**261**
East Cocalico township145364**94***
East Donegal township974***190***
East Drumore township22092***77***
East Earl township173230**181***
East Hempfield township208234**580**
East Lampeter township366547**334**
Eden township70149**144**
Elizabeth township70139***80***
Ephrata township231219**77***
Fulton township165183**178**
Lancaster township532855*855*
Leacock township34853***119***
Little Britain township23527***19***
Manheim township283621**591**
Manor township159372**267***
Martic township35176***116***
Mount Joy township97590**358***
Paradise township164224**532*
Penn township1120***182***
Pequea township70134***0***
Providence township157398**358***
Rapho township77110***8***
Sadsbury township201143**157**
Salisbury township403333**374***
Strasburg township62108***103***
Upper Leacock township286628*563*
Warwick township256187***471**
West Cocalico township4646***170***
West Donegal township946***60***
West Earl township197341**439**
West Hempfield township320223***320***
West Lampeter township101151***119***
Berks County12,00320,43818,430
Chester County6,0829,6839,696
Cumberland County3,6195,3585,083
Dauphin County8,47112,15612,497
Lebanon County3,1635,0804,877
York County8,01014,61514,420

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Not Applicable
Per-Student Spending Not Applicable
Students Receiving Special Education Services Not Applicable
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Not Applicable
College Graduation Rates Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Not Applicable
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Not Applicable
Air Quality Not Applicable
Water Use Not Applicable
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Not Applicable
Spending for Local Government Not Applicable
Spending for School Districts Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Working Poor Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Not Applicable
Median Home Value Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Not Applicable
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Not Applicable
Fatal Drug Overdoses Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
STEM Graduates Not Applicable
Science and Engineering Research and Development Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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