Economy
Female to Male Earnings Ratio

Maintaining


Female to Male Earnings Ratio

What does this measure?

The ratio of female to male median earnings, in 2018 dollars.

Why is this important?

Differences in the earning power of females and males contribute to higher poverty rates for female-headed households and to inequity for individuals and families in our community. Income is tied to a variety of life outcomes, including health and happiness.

How does our county compare?

In 2016-20, women in Lancaster County earned a median income of $23,955, or 55 cents for every dollar earned by men (a female to male earnings ratio of 0.55). This ratio was up 8% from 51 cents in 2000. The ratio was below the national average (0.66).

In the City of Lancaster, the ratio is narrower, with women earning 75 cents for every dollar earned by men (a female to male earnings ratio of 0.75), a 14% increase from 2000 and above the national average.

Why do these disparities exist?

The pay gap between females and males has many contributing factors, ranging from pay discrimination to the types of occupations and roles that females and males participate in to gaps in working when women give birth and care for children. In studies that control for occupation, experience, title and location, the pay gap narrows to as little as 5% or less. However, scholars and activists argue that cultural bias, societal assumptions and workplace design continue to contribute the pay gap, including by narrowing the viable workplace choices for females. Increased flexibility in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic may increase options and equity in some sectors, especially office-based work, though other female-dominated occupations, such as servers and health aides, may experience little change.

Notes about the data

Multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in December.

Female to Male Earnings Ratio
20002006-102011-152016-20
Pennsylvania0.540.590.610.63
Lancaster County0.510.520.560.55
Lancaster City0.660.680.790.75
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough0.680.43*0.600.54
Akron borough0.500.48*0.630.61
Christiana borough0.470.57*0.72*0.56*
Columbia borough0.570.660.800.79
Denver township0.550.710.490.58*
East Petersburg borough0.590.45*0.46*0.58
Elizabethtown borough0.490.550.530.51
Ephrata borough0.550.620.590.60
Lititz borough0.590.520.570.70
Manheim borough0.540.61*0.680.49*
Marietta borough0.570.590.590.70
Millersville borough0.460.63*0.59*0.53*
Mount Joy borough0.590.600.600.71
Mountville borough0.530.64*0.71*0.68
New Holland borough0.420.560.57*0.46
Quarryville borough0.500.52*0.580.56
Strasburg borough0.470.48*0.470.51
Terre Hill borough0.410.40**0.55**0.47
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township0.420.420.510.39**
Brecknock township0.380.450.380.54
Caernarvon township0.400.51*0.500.38
Clay township0.460.540.410.52
Colerain township0.480.43*0.34*0.41*
Conestoga township0.480.57**0.57*0.72*
Conoy township0.490.620.57*0.56*
Drumore township0.400.46*0.50*0.55*
Earl township0.390.380.39*0.43*
East Cocalico township0.480.560.500.59
East Donegal township0.600.490.560.62
East Drumore township0.460.61*0.52*0.56**
East Earl township0.390.350.380.26
East Hempfield township0.530.480.560.53
East Lampeter township0.500.570.590.52
Eden township0.450.54*0.390.41
Elizabeth township0.490.380.450.40
Ephrata township0.410.570.470.52*
Fulton township0.460.490.620.45*
Lancaster township0.570.600.650.73
Leacock township0.310.300.320.38*
Little Britain township0.410.30*0.74**0.47
Manheim township0.470.490.530.58
Manor township0.540.600.560.57
Martic township0.420.42*0.570.48*
Mount Joy township0.580.600.51*0.58
Paradise township0.430.450.360.48
Penn township0.450.400.550.67
Pequea township0.490.430.520.44
Providence township0.510.450.470.47
Rapho township0.490.500.570.50
Sadsbury township0.510.42*0.49*0.51*
Salisbury township0.400.430.370.42
Strasburg township0.390.400.39*0.82**
Upper Leacock township0.520.460.530.62*
Warwick township0.480.510.610.60
West Cocalico township0.440.380.440.41**
West Donegal township0.510.510.650.45
West Earl township0.500.470.49*0.43
West Hempfield township0.490.520.550.54
West Lampeter township0.490.490.470.50
Berks County0.530.590.600.61
Chester County0.530.540.570.56
Cumberland County0.540.590.610.66
Dauphin County0.640.650.710.69
Lebanon County0.540.560.620.59
York County0.540.550.600.62

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Median Earnings for Females
20002006-102011-152016-20
Pennsylvania$23,445$22,924$23,177$25,764
Lancaster County$24,335$22,599$22,561$23,955
Lancaster City$20,938$17,719$18,286$20,629
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough$30,784$19,107*$29,036$28,250
Akron borough$24,787$22,367*$27,523$26,372
Christiana borough$22,633$20,338*$25,219*$23,500*
Columbia borough$23,444$21,441$23,378$24,209
Denver township$25,497$26,437$21,966$24,063*
East Petersburg borough$29,564$21,594*$22,767*$29,839
Elizabethtown borough$20,818$18,397$18,427$21,792
Ephrata borough$25,794$24,729$23,740$24,524
Lititz borough$28,089$23,272$23,886$30,942
Manheim borough$25,951$23,972*$21,282$21,989*
Marietta borough$25,775$24,195$25,302$21,572
Millersville borough$10,918$9,835*$9,385*$14,434*
Mount Joy borough$28,750$26,366$24,238$27,104
Mountville borough$26,854$24,012*$29,910*$31,676
New Holland borough$20,851$24,740$21,824*$19,724
Quarryville borough$25,429$23,333*$23,180$20,114
Strasburg borough$26,066$23,667*$23,107$23,133
Terre Hill borough$20,685$17,614**$19,094**$18,780
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township$18,746$15,888$17,666$18,144**
Brecknock township$19,038$20,454$17,148$22,668
Caernarvon township$19,200$21,759*$22,321$19,060
Clay township$22,491$25,648$20,044$22,171
Colerain township$21,921$19,877*$15,887*$19,514*
Conestoga township$23,835$25,858**$24,682*$30,160*
Conoy township$25,010$30,229$24,880*$28,406*
Drumore township$19,419$21,364*$20,084*$23,885*
Earl township$18,479$18,195$15,722*$18,003*
East Cocalico township$24,446$25,423$23,306$25,403
East Donegal township$30,627$25,493$24,366$30,083
East Drumore township$21,749$25,061*$21,694*$23,929**
East Earl township$18,340$17,660$15,499$15,545
East Hempfield township$30,054$26,372$27,952$28,099
East Lampeter township$25,280$23,047$22,649$23,456
Eden township$21,227$21,864*$15,253$19,732
Elizabeth township$24,677$21,910$20,632$22,772
Ephrata township$20,456$26,055$22,805$21,630*
Fulton township$19,942$20,597$20,417$15,045*
Lancaster township$28,477$24,531$23,770$28,478
Leacock township$13,380$13,789$14,247$14,462*
Little Britain township$20,424$14,471*$29,651**$20,621
Manheim township$28,511$25,899$27,822$29,910
Manor township$26,987$26,087$23,553$27,312
Martic township$22,850$17,925*$25,589$25,919*
Mount Joy township$30,327$30,553$24,677*$30,096
Paradise township$19,507$19,021$15,458$21,928
Penn township$22,165$19,438$24,537$30,767
Pequea township$25,973$23,660$24,182$26,952
Providence township$23,358$19,690$19,536$19,238
Rapho township$24,811$24,244$26,052$25,827
Sadsbury township$24,362$19,936*$21,301*$20,920*
Salisbury township$19,482$18,390$16,883$19,321
Strasburg township$20,567$19,553$17,959*$30,167**
Upper Leacock township$23,397$19,806$22,936$24,047*
Warwick township$27,264$27,349$26,636$30,378
West Cocalico township$23,083$16,534$20,650$20,194**
West Donegal township$28,698$24,225$27,999$22,605
West Earl township$24,856$20,193$19,261*$22,445
West Hempfield township$25,684$26,638$24,329$25,682
West Lampeter township$27,015$26,355$23,277$26,025
Berks County$25,202$23,894$23,024$24,887
Chester County$33,788$32,639$30,990$33,001
Cumberland County$26,238$26,258$26,425$30,070
Dauphin County$28,797$27,377$27,538$29,295
Lebanon County$23,944$23,280$23,978$23,666
York County$25,737$24,860$24,161$26,933

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures in 2020 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Decreasing
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Decreasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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