Community
Population Density

Increasing


Population Density

What does this measure?

The number of residents per square mile of land area.

Why is this important?

Population density gives an indicator of individual lifestyle, community life, availability of land, and often, the intensity of private development and government services, which tend to be higher in more densely populated areas.

How does our county compare?

Lancaster County had a 2019 population density of 578 people per square mile, above the Pennsylvania average of 286 per square mile and the U.S. average of 93 per square mile. Since both Pennsylvania and the United States have large areas of open land mixed with some densely populated areas, a better comparison is to neighboring counties.

Of surrounding counties, Lancaster has the second highest population density, behind Chester (699). Ordered by density, below Lancaster are Dauphin (530), York (497), Berks (492), Cumberland (464), and Lebanon (392).

Parts of the county differ dramatically in population density. In the City of Lancaster, the density is 8,200 people per square mile.

Notes about the data

None.

Population Density
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Pennsylvania274275276277277278280281282283284285285286286286286286286286
Lancaster County499504509514519524531537542547550555558561565568570573576578
Lancaster City7,7987,8237,8617,9047,9477,9828,0438,0978,1468,1908,2008,2228,2208,2198,2218,2268,2318,2328,2208,200
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough8579099539971,0411,0851,1321,1781,2221,2651,2871,3191,3221,3221,3241,3251,3271,3251,3401,362
Akron borough3,2923,2663,2513,2393,2263,2123,2083,2013,1903,1743,1653,1823,1933,1993,2423,2473,2453,2533,2793,272
Columbia borough4,2624,2564,2584,2654,2684,2734,2894,3014,3094,3114,3044,3064,3074,3104,3134,3104,3074,3074,3004,290
Denver township2,6762,7112,7442,7792,8132,8482,8892,9282,9652,9983,0203,0233,0233,0233,0283,0263,0233,0243,0193,011
East Petersburg borough3,6903,6853,6873,6933,6953,7013,7153,7253,7333,7333,7303,7343,7363,7363,7413,7383,7383,7413,7343,728
Elizabethtown borough4,4654,4314,4204,4084,4024,3814,3774,3734,3674,3684,3424,3464,3764,3594,3404,3534,3444,3154,3044,316
Ephrata borough3,8713,8673,8693,8763,8803,8853,9013,9133,9203,9213,9043,9073,9373,9394,0324,0324,0284,0354,0594,056
Lititz borough3,8443,8563,8733,8933,9133,9303,9603,9854,0084,0273,9453,9543,9543,9583,9623,9603,9574,0344,0784,076
Manheim borough3,5043,4963,4963,4993,4993,5003,5123,5183,5223,5203,5173,5273,5253,5303,5323,5303,5253,5253,5203,509
Marietta borough3,6083,5813,5653,5523,5373,5233,5193,5103,4993,4813,4653,4653,4753,5023,5033,5023,5013,4993,4953,486
Millersville borough4,0194,0204,0414,0584,0904,0914,1134,1384,1634,2174,2054,2484,2454,3614,3244,2904,2764,2954,3224,324
Mount Joy borough2,8042,8302,8562,8842,9102,9372,9733,0053,0353,0583,0633,1703,2483,2753,3173,3453,3643,3943,4033,433
Mountville borough2,7642,8162,8642,9142,9643,0103,0693,1233,1743,2223,2603,2733,2953,3093,3153,3153,3113,3233,3163,307
New Holland borough2,6542,6612,6712,6842,6942,7062,7262,7422,7562,7642,7712,7862,7872,7912,7942,7942,8002,8212,8192,812
Quarryville borough1,5451,5971,6411,6871,7311,7771,8261,8751,9221,9642,0182,0482,0672,0842,0962,1152,1272,1362,1322,136
Strasburg borough2,9012,8982,9002,9042,9072,9112,9232,9312,9372,9372,9482,9712,9802,9923,0103,0393,0743,1013,1313,166
Terre Hill borough2,7032,7142,7272,7432,7562,7712,7932,8132,8292,8402,8552,9032,9322,9693,0003,0463,0773,1253,1673,154
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township180180181182183184185187188188188191193195199200202203204205
Brecknock township273275276278280282285287289291292295297297298299302304309311
Caernarvon township190192193195197198200203204206207207208208209209210211211211
Clay township235241246251256262268273279283286293295300305308309311314315
Colerain township115117118119120122123125126127128129130131132133135136137138
Conestoga township254254254255255255257257258258258259260260262263264265266265
Conoy township207208209210212213215216218219220230230231234235237237237237
Drumore township9495969899100102103105106107107108108109109110111112112
Earl township278283287291295299304309313317320322324325326327326328328327
East Cocalico township487488490492493495498501503504505508509510511512514516517523
East Donegal township253266277288299309321333344354362368372374379382386389390390
East Drumore township153154155156157158160161162163164165165166166167167168167167
East Earl township232236239242245249253256260263265268270272276277278278281281
East Hempfield township1,0101,0211,0311,0421,0521,0631,0771,0891,1011,1101,1171,1231,1311,1351,1441,1491,1521,1621,1691,172
East Lampeter township688705719734749764780797812826837842850855859861862865866867
Eden township148150152154155157160162164166169171172172172174175176177178
Elizabeth township219219220220220221222223223223224225226227228229229229230230
Ephrata township500508516524532540549558566574582603616623626628632637640644
Fulton township110111112113113114116117118119119121121122122123123123123123
Lancaster township2,3952,4332,4682,5052,5412,5762,6182,6592,6972,7342,7622,8282,8842,8892,9102,9152,9202,9272,9272,929
Leacock township238239241242244246248250252253254257258261264267269272275280
Little Britain township129131133135138140142145147149151152152153154155155155156156
Manheim township1,4101,4291,4471,4661,4851,5031,5261,5481,5681,5861,5991,6131,6201,6311,6461,6561,6651,6781,6871,699
Manor township431439447456464472481490499506513519522527534537542545546548
Martic township172172173174174175176177178179179179180180180180180180180180
Mount Joy township286294300307314321329336344350356361368384386387389396405405
Paradise township254256258261263265268270273275276281283284289299302305307307
Penn township246252257262267272278283289294297302304307308311320330334337
Pequea township336336337337338339341342343343342343344346348353356369376398
Providence township333334335337338339342344346346346347348349350351353354355355
Rapho township179184188192196200205209214217220226228236242246249253258259
Sadsbury township155157159161163164167169171172173173174175176177177178178178
Salisbury township240243245247250252256259261263265267268269270274273274274274
Strasburg township203203204204205206207208209209209210210211212213214215216217
Upper Leacock township455457460462465467471475477479481485487488488489490492493494
Warwick township791803813824835846859871883893910912912913916932951961978988
West Cocalico township251253254256257259261263265266267268268270271272272272273275
West Donegal township419431441451462472484495506516523525532537546548550553567574
West Earl township375382389396403409417425432439443447448452456458467473474473
West Hempfield township829832836841846851858864869873876880882885888890891895899907
West Lampeter township798811824837850863878893907919926931937948957964968972973973
Berks County436441445451456462469473476479481482483483484485485488491492
Chester County577588597606617627638648655661665671674678683686689691696699
Cumberland County392394398402406409416419424429432435439442446451453457460464
Dauphin County480481485487488491496501506509511513514517519520522525527530
Lebanon County332334336340344349355360364367369372375375377380383386391392
York County422427431437444452462470475479481483484485487488491493495497

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are people per square mile.




Total Population
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Pennsylvania12,280,54812,298,97012,331,03112,374,65812,410,72212,449,99012,510,80912,563,93712,612,28512,666,85812,702,86812,745,81512,767,11812,776,30912,788,31312,784,82612,782,27512,787,64112,800,92212,801,989
Lancaster County470,783475,483480,118485,119489,977494,722500,922506,639511,957516,577519,443523,957526,878530,012533,289535,811538,160541,332543,969545,724
Lancaster City56,35656,54056,81557,12157,43557,68958,12758,52058,87059,19159,26359,41759,40659,39759,41159,44659,48659,49459,40759,265
Lancaster County Boroughs
Adamstown borough1,1821,2541,3151,3761,4361,4971,5621,6251,6871,7461,7761,8201,8241,8251,8271,8291,8311,8291,8491,880
Akron borough4,0394,0073,9893,9743,9583,9413,9363,9283,9143,8943,8843,9043,9183,9253,9783,9843,9823,9914,0234,015
Columbia borough10,28810,27410,28010,29510,30410,31510,35410,38310,40310,40710,39110,39510,39610,40510,41210,40510,39610,39710,38010,355
Denver township3,4233,4673,5103,5543,5983,6423,6953,7453,7923,8343,8633,8673,8663,8663,8733,8703,8663,8683,8613,851
East Petersburg borough4,4574,4524,4544,4614,4644,4714,4884,5004,5104,5104,5064,5114,5134,5134,5194,5164,5164,5194,5114,504
Elizabethtown borough11,84111,75211,72111,68911,67411,61911,60911,59811,58111,58511,51411,52511,60511,56111,51011,54411,51911,44411,41511,445
Ephrata borough13,23113,21613,22513,24713,26113,27913,33313,37313,40013,40213,34413,35313,45513,46213,78213,78113,76913,79213,87213,862
Lititz borough8,9258,9538,9939,0409,0869,1269,1949,2539,3069,3509,1619,1819,1829,1909,2009,1959,1899,3669,4689,465
Manheim borough4,8434,8324,8324,8354,8354,8374,8534,8624,8684,8644,8604,8744,8724,8784,8814,8784,8724,8724,8644,849
Marietta borough2,6952,6752,6632,6532,6422,6322,6292,6222,6142,6002,5882,5882,5962,6162,6172,6162,6152,6142,6112,604
Millersville borough7,7697,7717,8117,8447,9067,9087,9507,9998,0478,1528,1298,2118,2068,4308,3598,2928,2658,3038,3558,359
Mount Joy borough6,7606,8246,8856,9537,0167,0827,1677,2457,3177,3727,3867,6427,8317,8967,9988,0648,1108,1838,2048,278
Mountville borough2,3802,4252,4662,5092,5522,5922,6422,6892,7332,7742,8072,8182,8372,8492,8542,8542,8512,8612,8552,847
New Holland borough5,1575,1715,1905,2155,2355,2585,2965,3275,3545,3705,3855,4145,4165,4225,4285,4285,4405,4825,4775,464
Quarryville borough1,9952,0622,1192,1782,2352,2942,3582,4212,4812,5362,6052,6442,6692,6912,7062,7302,7462,7572,7532,757
Strasburg borough2,7762,7732,7752,7792,7822,7862,7972,8052,8112,8112,8212,8432,8522,8632,8812,9082,9422,9682,9963,030
Terre Hill borough1,2301,2351,2411,2481,2541,2611,2711,2801,2871,2921,2991,3211,3341,3511,3651,3861,4001,4221,4411,435
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township2,9442,9552,9692,9842,9993,0143,0383,0583,0763,0873,0833,1343,1603,2003,2663,2873,3093,3353,3523,369
Brecknock township6,7386,7786,8216,8706,9146,9617,0277,0867,1387,1757,1997,2717,3207,3367,3657,3917,4447,5137,6197,677
Caernarvon township4,3664,4014,4374,4774,5144,5524,6024,6494,6904,7264,7484,7624,7774,7864,7944,8034,8224,8344,8404,845
Clay township5,1745,3025,4125,5285,6395,7545,8846,0076,1266,2326,2986,4476,4866,6036,6996,7706,8006,8456,9036,924
Colerain township3,2693,3063,3413,3793,4153,4523,4983,5413,5813,6133,6343,6713,6933,7253,7393,7823,8273,8623,8743,912
Conestoga township3,7213,7193,7223,7293,7343,7403,7563,7683,7763,7783,7763,7853,8073,8073,8393,8563,8703,8823,8903,881
Conoy township3,0093,0243,0413,0613,0793,0983,1253,1493,1703,1853,2003,3503,3473,3643,3993,4253,4463,4463,4493,447
Drumore township2,2522,2852,3142,3462,3762,4072,4452,4802,5132,5412,5602,5812,5912,6052,6112,6262,6342,6652,6802,689
Earl township6,1146,2126,2996,3926,4826,5726,6826,7846,8806,9667,0177,0777,1087,1277,1607,1707,1677,1937,2047,190
East Cocalico township9,9529,96910,00010,04010,07410,11110,17610,22910,27510,29810,32110,37410,38810,42110,44310,46110,49410,53210,56110,674
East Donegal township5,4305,7055,9356,1696,3996,6336,8847,1297,3687,5927,7597,8907,9728,0268,1228,1918,2658,3428,3658,366
East Drumore township3,5443,5623,5853,6113,6383,6593,6933,7253,7533,7793,7893,8113,8243,8293,8383,8623,8633,8753,8713,860
East Earl township5,7045,7895,8665,9486,0276,1086,2076,2986,3846,4566,5066,5886,6346,6846,7686,8066,8196,8356,8936,891
East Hempfield township21,27821,50121,71421,94622,16622,39222,68122,94523,19023,38923,53323,66523,82723,91924,09624,20924,27924,48124,63124,701
East Lampeter township13,53413,85914,14014,43414,71915,01015,34215,65815,96116,23116,45316,54316,71716,79816,88816,92816,95217,00317,02117,039
Eden township1,8501,8761,8991,9241,9481,9732,0032,0312,0572,0792,1212,1452,1562,1612,1602,1822,1972,2112,2182,233
Elizabeth township3,8143,8143,8183,8273,8343,8413,8603,8743,8833,8863,8883,9093,9273,9463,9653,9753,9763,9843,9933,996
Ephrata township8,1178,2558,3788,5098,6368,7638,9159,0589,1969,3189,4439,78410,00610,11410,17210,20510,26710,35010,39410,453
Fulton township2,8322,8552,8782,9032,9262,9512,9843,0133,0403,0603,0783,1143,1183,1363,1483,1613,1603,1753,1823,175
Lancaster township14,03114,25314,45814,67214,88515,08915,33715,57415,79916,01516,17916,56716,89216,92317,04617,07417,10417,14717,14717,156
Leacock township4,8854,9144,9454,9815,0135,0475,0955,1385,1765,2035,2205,2785,3035,3565,4245,4895,5195,5975,6595,764
Little Britain township3,5033,5693,6273,6893,7483,8093,8813,9484,0114,0674,1014,1294,1534,1614,1994,2144,2184,2184,2494,258
Manheim township33,65234,10634,53934,99535,44735,87936,42236,93237,41637,85538,15938,50638,65638,91839,27839,52539,74440,03640,26740,548
Manor township16,50316,84717,14817,46417,77218,08318,44518,78919,11719,40819,64919,87620,02320,21720,45420,57220,76220,87320,94521,021
Martic township4,9874,9995,0175,0395,0595,0805,1145,1445,1685,1835,1905,2015,2175,2185,2215,2215,2165,2325,2265,212
Mount Joy township7,9608,1778,3648,5598,7478,9409,1579,3649,5659,7449,91010,03510,23510,69710,74910,77210,81511,02211,26311,271
Paradise township4,7314,7684,8064,8484,8864,9274,9815,0305,0745,1085,1315,2315,2545,2785,3765,5595,6225,6645,7135,710
Penn township7,2757,4437,5917,7447,8958,0458,2198,3848,5438,6898,7968,9379,0069,0729,1199,1949,4749,7509,8689,972
Pequea township4,5134,5134,5194,5304,5394,5494,5724,5884,6014,6054,5964,6114,6144,6414,6754,7334,7824,9545,0545,339
Providence township6,6216,6386,6636,6936,7186,7476,7956,8346,8686,8876,8706,8986,9156,9306,9536,9767,0107,0327,0527,058
Rapho township8,5118,7298,9179,1139,3049,4989,7179,92710,12910,31210,43910,70910,82411,19911,46411,67211,82512,00712,22012,304
Sadsbury township3,0383,0753,1093,1463,1803,2173,2623,3033,3423,3733,3763,3933,4053,4213,4353,4593,4683,4733,4833,476
Salisbury township10,02410,12710,22610,33310,43410,53910,67410,79610,91011,00111,06011,15311,21211,23511,27711,42411,41611,42511,43111,434
Strasburg township4,0484,0544,0664,0814,0934,1074,1334,1534,1704,1784,1714,1944,2024,2144,2414,2504,2674,2974,3234,329
Upper Leacock township8,2528,2888,3288,3788,4218,4688,5388,5998,6518,6878,7188,7848,8208,8468,8508,8698,8838,9168,9338,943
Warwick township15,63915,86516,07116,29116,50216,71616,98017,22317,45317,64917,98318,02718,03418,05118,11418,42218,79318,99319,33419,536
West Cocalico township6,8706,9046,9416,9857,0247,0667,1287,1817,2287,2607,2927,3117,3247,3807,3947,4227,4287,4437,4547,501
West Donegal township6,6096,7966,9577,1237,2887,4497,6327,8087,9798,1488,2548,2928,3998,4778,6198,6458,6798,7278,9529,063
West Earl township6,6546,7866,9047,0277,1487,2687,4097,5437,6717,7887,8667,9377,9538,0248,0918,1258,2828,3968,4138,399
West Hempfield township15,29015,35715,43515,52715,61115,69715,82915,94216,04116,11316,15816,24016,28516,34016,38916,42216,44116,52316,59416,744
West Lampeter township13,07713,30513,51113,72813,94114,15114,40314,64114,86815,07215,18915,26715,36415,53715,69715,80515,87515,93115,95415,950
Berks County373,712377,487381,338385,846390,848395,933401,834405,223407,737409,904411,570413,008413,518413,915414,559415,138415,784417,511420,529421,164
Chester County433,208441,024447,842455,111462,902470,506479,137486,156491,473496,291499,133503,462506,089509,105512,770515,055516,767518,901522,086524,989
Cumberland County213,605215,087217,318219,351221,225223,361226,835228,718231,357233,910235,387237,107239,244241,059243,280245,744247,369249,024251,131253,370
Dauphin County251,770252,500254,339255,585256,194257,673260,312263,096265,395267,090268,126269,249270,005271,431272,223273,085274,196275,714276,864278,299
Lebanon County120,202120,954121,698123,154124,644126,197128,302130,182131,574132,959133,597134,529135,545135,804136,538137,479138,480139,553141,339141,793
York County381,791385,773389,692395,093401,403409,066418,043424,919429,399433,022435,015436,701437,466438,932440,475441,741443,693445,484447,847449,058

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Maintaining
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Decreasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Maintaining
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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