What does this measure?
The number of reported violent crimes per 1,000 residents. Murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault are included in violent crimes.
Why is this important?
Crime affects quality of life for those who directly experience and witness it, sometimes resulting in long-lasting trauma. Indirectly, it also affects the lives of others in the community, as well as housing stability and a community's perceived attractiveness as a place to live, work and do business.
How does our county compare?
In 2018, there were 1.8 violent crimes reported per 1,000 residents in Lancaster County, lower than the Pennsylvania (3.1) and national (3.7) rates. The county rate has been fairly stable since 2005. By comparison, the state's violent crime rate dropped steadily during 2005 to 2018 - a 24% decline, while the US fell 22% in the same period. In contrast, the City of Lancaster had 7.1 violent crimes reported per 1,000 residents, slightly below a 7.3 rate in 2005.
Violent crime rates in 2018 were higher in Lancaster County than in Chester (1.3) and Cumberland (0.7), and the same as Lebanon. Rates were below Berks (2.4), York (2.5) and Dauphin (4.3). Lebanon, Cumberland, Dauphin and Berks have all had notable declines in their violent crime rate since 2005.
Notes about the data
Crime reports are never complete because not all crimes are reported, and some crimes in particular, such as rape and assault, are believed to be underreported. Data are from the FBI's Uniform Crime Report. It should be noted that this indicator represents crime penetration. Because areas vary in population, counts of criminal incidents do not accurately measure impact. By presenting crimes per 1,000 residents, it is possible to compare rural and urban areas of the state.
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