Children And Education
Per-Student Spending

Maintaining


Per Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given many other factors that contribute to student success, including socioeconomic and parental influences.

How does our county compare?

In 2020, Lancaster County school districts spent about $18,100 per student, about 5% less than the statewide level of $19,100. The county rate represented a 54% increase since 2001, compared to a 50% increase at the statewide level.

The Lancaster City School District spent about $22,300 per student, a 75% increase since 2001.

Among surrounding counties, 2020 per-student spending was higher in Chester ($19,300), similar in Dauphin ($18,200), Berks ($18,100) and York ($18,400), and less in Cumberland ($16,100), and Lebanon ($15,300). Since 2001, per-student spending increased more than Lancaster in only York (63%). Chester and Dauphin saw the lowest percent increase from 2001 at 32% and 33% respectively.

Notes about the data

Figures are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and have been adjusted to 2020 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year.

Per Student Spending
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania$12,748$13,194$13,507$14,089$14,379$14,745$15,041$15,295$15,857$16,249$16,309$15,904$16,245$16,420$17,313$17,712$18,727$18,121$18,516$19,086
Lancaster County$11,753$11,912$12,311$12,658$12,751$13,033$13,914$14,379$15,105$15,206$15,062$14,893$15,285$15,656$16,497$16,749$17,508$17,668$18,105$18,091
School District of Lancaster$12,726$13,294$13,255$13,962$13,540$14,117$14,999$16,024$18,079$16,845$16,806$17,320$16,971$18,195$18,883$18,189$19,538$20,055$20,619$22,323
Cocalico School District$10,999$11,571$11,565$11,989$12,087$12,652$13,737$14,293$14,388$15,453$15,106$15,030$15,882$16,266$17,471$18,345$18,534$18,494$19,368$19,746
Columbia Borough School District$10,765$10,781$11,191$11,810$12,689$13,776$14,468$15,047$15,885$16,907$17,316$16,098$15,932$16,306$16,204$17,475$16,496$17,455$18,210$17,334
Conestoga Valley School District$12,711$12,588$12,539$13,069$13,349$12,998$13,700$14,306$13,912$13,849$13,502$13,323$13,518$14,188$14,483$15,124$16,082$16,002$16,688$16,356
Donegal School District$11,290$11,955$12,342$12,373$11,927$11,456$12,707$13,260$14,617$14,613$15,830$14,813$15,032$15,385$15,966$15,817$16,887$16,561$16,916$16,416
Eastern Lancaster County School District$12,619$11,361$12,195$12,735$12,990$13,102$13,530$13,406$14,701$15,049$15,199$14,835$15,566$16,168$16,779$17,721$19,453$18,594$19,498$18,816
Elizabethtown Area School District$10,655$10,644$10,907$11,000$11,584$11,408$12,043$12,336$13,037$13,116$13,754$12,855$14,126$14,206$14,719$14,829$15,627$16,578$16,069$16,294
Ephrata Area School District$11,148$11,379$12,044$12,907$13,101$14,035$14,627$14,266$15,276$15,639$14,379$14,514$14,500$14,935$15,691$16,179$16,462$16,437$16,633$16,437
Hempfield School District$11,242$11,571$12,308$12,207$12,539$13,085$14,115$14,749$15,202$15,806$15,889$15,414$16,496$16,502$17,254$17,555$17,693$17,861$17,446$16,749
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$10,815$11,062$11,265$11,943$12,402$12,705$13,594$13,977$14,574$15,148$14,993$14,925$15,292$15,483$17,216$16,863$17,374$16,796$17,401$17,173
Manheim Central School District$12,624$12,707$13,031$13,063$13,288$13,789$14,583$15,886$15,485$15,829$15,338$15,177$16,608$15,243$16,691$17,383$17,538$17,055$18,371$18,407
Manheim Township School District$12,199$12,314$12,698$12,523$12,743$12,983$14,268$14,590$14,494$14,719$14,189$13,666$14,052$14,446$15,305$15,726$16,659$17,315$16,961$16,571
Penn Manor School District$11,663$11,555$13,207$12,501$12,375$12,720$13,579$13,635$14,119$14,333$13,640$13,688$13,873$13,878$14,515$15,075$15,837$15,613$16,237$15,996
Pequea Valley School District$14,247$13,954$13,668$13,651$15,281$14,345$16,784$17,028$18,392$17,813$17,980$18,878$18,996$18,316$21,269$21,812$25,377$24,117$26,503$25,473
Solanco School District$11,142$11,056$11,062$12,416$11,463$11,794$12,333$12,623$13,216$13,477$13,434$13,025$13,729$13,915$14,525$15,252$15,560$16,047$16,759$16,539
Warwick School District$10,634$11,098$11,574$12,263$12,559$12,459$13,025$13,277$13,604$14,410$14,322$14,236$14,278$14,969$16,221$16,488$16,762$17,693$18,826$18,726
Berks County$12,126$12,220$12,338$12,690$13,131$13,459$14,161$14,218$15,084$15,721$15,374$15,495$16,005$15,613$17,300$16,719$17,757$17,480$17,821$18,116
Chester County$14,649$15,168$15,599$16,517$16,815$17,062$17,742$17,548$18,089$18,174$17,760$17,522$17,740$17,683$18,356$19,277$19,504$19,490$19,814$19,343
Cumberland County$11,827$12,128$12,307$12,496$12,965$13,184$13,761$14,521$14,715$14,664$15,411$14,274$15,003$14,718$15,572$16,116$16,195$16,082$15,836$16,069
Dauphin County$13,696$14,215$14,190$14,307$15,026$15,792$15,897$16,726$16,888$16,982$16,930$16,104$16,410$17,277$16,942$20,003$17,589$17,756$18,063$18,177
Lebanon County$11,188$11,689$11,543$11,740$11,980$12,347$13,143$13,771$14,141$14,684$13,852$13,745$14,310$14,471$14,413$15,075$15,634$15,767$15,576$15,260
York County$11,287$11,615$12,025$12,355$13,227$14,209$13,685$14,157$15,166$15,513$15,512$15,045$15,681$15,470$16,994$17,007$17,411$16,970$17,568$18,432

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




Total Spending
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania$22,941,639,709$23,788,106,692$24,448,570,277$25,545,817,763$26,034,178,067$26,739,349,161$27,212,849,809$27,545,881,478$28,345,918,548$28,877,466,969$28,876,756,520$27,912,462,141$28,401,415,528$28,564,656,186$29,904,821,470$30,526,843,268$32,198,735,962$31,138,083,210$31,783,377,282$32,753,768,178
Lancaster County$809,726,210$828,304,021$860,244,359$887,152,095$898,758,150$924,023,939$984,054,529$1,012,249,311$1,058,300,089$1,059,310,488$1,051,573,503$1,036,850,214$1,064,841,151$1,083,300,689$1,137,029,602$1,149,234,627$1,200,712,084$1,209,514,731$1,232,711,528$1,222,791,242
School District of Lancaster$139,129,868$148,052,457$148,435,146$158,392,259$154,795,595$163,015,614$172,879,258$182,106,060$204,399,248$187,813,234$187,730,434$194,091,719$193,950,869$207,401,164$216,525,188$207,444,932$224,050,832$228,334,983$228,475,197$234,653,960
Cocalico School District$38,010,044$40,155,635$41,448,520$43,386,463$44,193,941$46,431,112$49,793,489$50,050,729$50,265,872$53,401,993$51,349,255$49,772,539$52,527,661$51,902,623$55,194,428$57,731,605$57,975,539$57,666,969$59,870,769$59,874,769
Columbia Borough School District$16,546,647$17,043,159$17,715,468$18,145,511$19,315,885$21,105,624$21,469,360$22,589,349$23,485,622$24,706,111$24,170,842$23,244,146$23,493,976$23,995,674$24,028,140$25,493,137$25,103,101$26,102,439$26,667,710$24,773,640
Conestoga Valley School District$47,984,897$48,229,277$49,031,458$52,188,656$53,569,378$52,702,636$55,979,008$57,858,055$57,233,700$57,512,806$57,030,030$58,814,773$60,620,398$63,012,064$65,105,778$67,181,784$69,902,643$69,797,527$72,006,591$69,842,517
Donegal School District$29,268,556$30,739,258$32,281,779$32,486,127$32,835,139$32,375,161$36,593,814$38,206,695$42,646,850$43,118,131$47,262,484$44,586,442$45,411,784$46,715,616$48,792,744$49,601,222$52,708,130$51,923,730$52,977,401$50,534,266
Eastern Lancaster County School District$45,359,723$41,415,193$43,575,355$44,978,310$45,436,727$45,951,681$46,783,299$45,830,063$48,392,911$49,332,643$49,942,135$47,930,073$50,574,986$51,736,398$54,036,342$55,955,725$60,431,783$57,947,099$59,914,957$57,438,302
Elizabethtown Area School District$41,493,024$41,297,462$42,629,825$42,916,646$45,900,277$45,874,274$48,499,585$49,583,930$52,741,929$53,169,521$55,922,385$51,839,314$56,446,119$56,500,375$58,233,178$58,911,263$61,428,880$64,757,397$63,177,838$63,936,548
Ephrata Area School District$48,688,139$49,978,658$50,926,093$53,548,512$54,603,315$57,886,222$60,106,878$58,431,281$62,549,580$65,102,378$60,508,032$61,595,760$61,993,860$63,623,500$66,446,938$68,421,823$69,533,611$69,389,141$70,741,459$70,115,395
Hempfield School District$82,340,348$85,339,783$90,246,410$90,619,607$93,142,585$96,004,452$104,252,397$108,685,650$110,997,699$113,262,197$113,594,014$108,790,267$114,330,960$113,987,608$118,600,535$122,055,887$124,134,813$124,140,046$123,474,069$121,374,836
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$32,986,292$34,257,666$36,001,725$38,676,117$40,501,699$42,487,897$45,635,352$47,034,511$48,725,931$48,510,289$48,705,346$47,682,463$48,593,258$48,597,042$53,441,514$51,545,728$53,681,322$52,562,410$53,692,117$53,258,684
Manheim Central School District$39,234,872$39,841,415$40,630,735$40,870,709$41,351,373$43,009,830$44,592,392$49,265,212$47,160,657$48,297,675$47,166,728$45,138,830$49,935,280$46,001,528$50,049,398$51,721,018$53,716,765$53,194,569$57,143,909$56,935,467
Manheim Township School District$62,740,450$65,017,651$68,316,457$68,349,489$70,092,945$72,976,663$80,674,651$83,900,134$84,184,458$86,029,769$85,205,383$82,000,320$83,697,511$84,846,606$89,869,333$91,731,221$97,160,819$101,469,607$100,107,714$100,616,024
Penn Manor School District$62,896,651$62,138,286$71,504,470$67,947,049$67,904,814$69,343,193$73,093,930$73,314,060$75,880,199$77,252,221$73,456,346$72,952,136$73,469,390$73,628,426$76,706,053$80,672,056$84,993,574$84,362,322$89,609,360$88,534,268
Pequea Valley School District$26,999,716$27,171,289$27,356,379$27,279,350$29,953,422$27,971,758$32,217,091$32,314,631$34,461,893$33,108,473$32,333,463$33,703,321$33,190,752$32,703,386$36,449,521$35,667,366$39,018,932$37,392,712$39,940,927$38,334,598
Solanco School District$46,721,630$45,612,024$45,187,169$49,784,095$46,283,226$47,764,362$48,977,998$49,888,937$51,351,369$51,483,794$51,440,816$50,159,793$52,322,855$52,464,827$54,051,203$55,680,192$56,324,726$56,763,039$57,841,282$56,050,619
Warwick School District$49,325,353$52,014,810$54,957,371$57,583,196$58,877,829$59,123,460$62,506,028$63,190,015$63,822,171$67,209,252$65,755,809$64,548,319$64,281,492$66,183,854$69,499,309$69,419,668$70,546,616$73,710,744$77,070,228$76,517,349
Berks County$773,611,602$792,925,227$824,575,548$861,704,270$910,045,613$951,728,752$1,013,501,323$1,014,015,982$1,069,509,928$1,111,162,069$1,095,675,583$1,098,823,743$1,125,449,024$1,087,565,750$1,197,356,682$1,156,677,129$1,224,562,927$1,210,006,735$1,236,351,941$1,257,683,084
Chester County$956,754,341$1,007,338,818$1,061,400,602$1,142,214,490$1,182,216,768$1,226,753,899$1,290,857,591$1,289,736,045$1,338,573,829$1,361,084,830$1,337,927,087$1,324,244,582$1,344,482,292$1,349,417,605$1,396,398,233$1,464,614,635$1,496,629,669$1,506,740,993$1,540,229,777$1,511,331,339
Cumberland County$337,150,088$346,091,196$353,017,448$360,710,432$372,749,278$383,914,782$403,485,603$424,595,770$427,645,096$428,739,662$451,558,720$421,097,371$444,850,312$441,962,653$468,660,426$487,016,538$497,577,306$499,040,307$498,876,128$515,690,850
Dauphin County$525,142,598$545,286,351$543,404,338$553,053,047$578,530,509$607,653,191$610,951,775$639,724,798$644,633,663$635,045,950$628,046,286$580,828,867$598,404,460$631,594,478$622,467,983$739,425,653$657,835,434$675,411,871$696,158,606$708,444,084
Lebanon County$202,152,414$213,223,976$212,866,418$220,358,767$228,752,032$236,360,725$253,557,272$268,518,469$274,109,159$285,469,237$267,619,350$267,380,438$282,100,711$283,439,936$284,217,662$298,109,070$309,122,667$321,487,820$318,776,454$313,655,356
York County$749,163,551$773,596,722$807,544,340$840,970,791$908,429,751$993,684,995$968,049,786$1,002,903,672$1,072,860,604$1,092,002,712$1,096,886,206$1,063,488,114$1,102,761,737$1,085,905,090$1,189,339,977$1,197,806,449$1,226,480,376$1,201,443,355$1,243,473,859$1,313,299,398

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Not Applicable
Per-Student Spending Not Applicable
Students Receiving Special Education Services Not Applicable
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Not Applicable
College Graduation Rates Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Not Applicable
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Not Applicable
Air Quality Not Applicable
Water Use Not Applicable
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Not Applicable
Spending for Local Government Not Applicable
Spending for School Districts Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Working Poor Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Not Applicable
Median Home Value Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Not Applicable
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Not Applicable
Fatal Drug Overdoses Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
STEM Graduates Not Applicable
Science and Engineering Research and Development Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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