Children And Education
Per-Student Spending

Maintaining


Per Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given many other factors that contribute to student success, including socioeconomic and parental influences.

How does our county compare?

In 2020, Lancaster County school districts spent about $18,100 per student, about 5% less than the statewide level of $19,100. The county rate represented a 54% increase since 2001, compared to a 50% increase at the statewide level.

The Lancaster City School District spent about $22,300 per student, a 75% increase since 2001.

Among surrounding counties, 2020 per-student spending was higher in Chester ($19,300), similar in Dauphin ($18,200), Berks ($18,100) and York ($18,400), and less in Cumberland ($16,100), and Lebanon ($15,300). Since 2001, per-student spending increased more than Lancaster in only York (63%). Chester and Dauphin saw the lowest percent increase from 2001 at 32% and 33% respectively.

Notes about the data

Figures are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and have been adjusted to 2020 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year.

Per Student Spending
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania$12,748$13,194$13,507$14,089$14,379$14,745$15,041$15,295$15,857$16,249$16,309$15,904$16,245$16,420$17,313$17,712$18,727$18,121$18,516$19,086
Lancaster County$11,753$11,912$12,311$12,658$12,751$13,033$13,914$14,379$15,105$15,206$15,062$14,893$15,285$15,656$16,497$16,749$17,508$17,668$18,105$18,091
School District of Lancaster$12,726$13,294$13,255$13,962$13,540$14,117$14,999$16,024$18,079$16,845$16,806$17,320$16,971$18,195$18,883$18,189$19,538$20,055$20,619$22,323
Cocalico School District$10,999$11,571$11,565$11,989$12,087$12,652$13,737$14,293$14,388$15,453$15,106$15,030$15,882$16,266$17,471$18,345$18,534$18,494$19,368$19,746
Columbia Borough School District$10,765$10,781$11,191$11,810$12,689$13,776$14,468$15,047$15,885$16,907$17,316$16,098$15,932$16,306$16,204$17,475$16,496$17,455$18,210$17,334
Conestoga Valley School District$12,711$12,588$12,539$13,069$13,349$12,998$13,700$14,306$13,912$13,849$13,502$13,323$13,518$14,188$14,483$15,124$16,082$16,002$16,688$16,356
Donegal School District$11,290$11,955$12,342$12,373$11,927$11,456$12,707$13,260$14,617$14,613$15,830$14,813$15,032$15,385$15,966$15,817$16,887$16,561$16,916$16,416
Eastern Lancaster County School District$12,619$11,361$12,195$12,735$12,990$13,102$13,530$13,406$14,701$15,049$15,199$14,835$15,566$16,168$16,779$17,721$19,453$18,594$19,498$18,816
Elizabethtown Area School District$10,655$10,644$10,907$11,000$11,584$11,408$12,043$12,336$13,037$13,116$13,754$12,855$14,126$14,206$14,719$14,829$15,627$16,578$16,069$16,294
Ephrata Area School District$11,148$11,379$12,044$12,907$13,101$14,035$14,627$14,266$15,276$15,639$14,379$14,514$14,500$14,935$15,691$16,179$16,462$16,437$16,633$16,437
Hempfield School District$11,242$11,571$12,308$12,207$12,539$13,085$14,115$14,749$15,202$15,806$15,889$15,414$16,496$16,502$17,254$17,555$17,693$17,861$17,446$16,749
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$10,815$11,062$11,265$11,943$12,402$12,705$13,594$13,977$14,574$15,148$14,993$14,925$15,292$15,483$17,216$16,863$17,374$16,796$17,401$17,173
Manheim Central School District$12,624$12,707$13,031$13,063$13,288$13,789$14,583$15,886$15,485$15,829$15,338$15,177$16,608$15,243$16,691$17,383$17,538$17,055$18,371$18,407
Manheim Township School District$12,199$12,314$12,698$12,523$12,743$12,983$14,268$14,590$14,494$14,719$14,189$13,666$14,052$14,446$15,305$15,726$16,659$17,315$16,961$16,571
Penn Manor School District$11,663$11,555$13,207$12,501$12,375$12,720$13,579$13,635$14,119$14,333$13,640$13,688$13,873$13,878$14,515$15,075$15,837$15,613$16,237$15,996
Pequea Valley School District$14,247$13,954$13,668$13,651$15,281$14,345$16,784$17,028$18,392$17,813$17,980$18,878$18,996$18,316$21,269$21,812$25,377$24,117$26,503$25,473
Solanco School District$11,142$11,056$11,062$12,416$11,463$11,794$12,333$12,623$13,216$13,477$13,434$13,025$13,729$13,915$14,525$15,252$15,560$16,047$16,759$16,539
Warwick School District$10,634$11,098$11,574$12,263$12,559$12,459$13,025$13,277$13,604$14,410$14,322$14,236$14,278$14,969$16,221$16,488$16,762$17,693$18,826$18,726
Berks County$12,126$12,220$12,338$12,690$13,131$13,459$14,161$14,218$15,084$15,721$15,374$15,495$16,005$15,613$17,300$16,719$17,757$17,480$17,821$18,116
Chester County$14,649$15,168$15,599$16,517$16,815$17,062$17,742$17,548$18,089$18,174$17,760$17,522$17,740$17,683$18,356$19,277$19,504$19,490$19,814$19,343
Cumberland County$11,827$12,128$12,307$12,496$12,965$13,184$13,761$14,521$14,715$14,664$15,411$14,274$15,003$14,718$15,572$16,116$16,195$16,082$15,836$16,069
Dauphin County$13,696$14,215$14,190$14,307$15,026$15,792$15,897$16,726$16,888$16,982$16,930$16,104$16,410$17,277$16,942$20,003$17,589$17,756$18,063$18,177
Lebanon County$11,188$11,689$11,543$11,740$11,980$12,347$13,143$13,771$14,141$14,684$13,852$13,745$14,310$14,471$14,413$15,075$15,634$15,767$15,576$15,260
York County$11,287$11,615$12,025$12,355$13,227$14,209$13,685$14,157$15,166$15,513$15,512$15,045$15,681$15,470$16,994$17,007$17,411$16,970$17,568$18,432

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




Total Spending
20012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Pennsylvania$22,941,639,709$23,788,106,692$24,448,570,277$25,545,817,763$26,034,178,067$26,739,349,161$27,212,849,809$27,545,881,478$28,345,918,548$28,877,466,969$28,876,756,520$27,912,462,141$28,401,415,528$28,564,656,186$29,904,821,470$30,526,843,268$32,198,735,962$31,138,083,210$31,783,377,282$32,753,768,178
Lancaster County$809,726,210$828,304,021$860,244,359$887,152,095$898,758,150$924,023,939$984,054,529$1,012,249,311$1,058,300,089$1,059,310,488$1,051,573,503$1,036,850,214$1,064,841,151$1,083,300,689$1,137,029,602$1,149,234,627$1,200,712,084$1,209,514,731$1,232,711,528$1,222,791,242
School District of Lancaster$139,129,868$148,052,457$148,435,146$158,392,259$154,795,595$163,015,614$172,879,258$182,106,060$204,399,248$187,813,234$187,730,434$194,091,719$193,950,869$207,401,164$216,525,188$207,444,932$224,050,832$228,334,983$228,475,197$234,653,960
Cocalico School District$38,010,044$40,155,635$41,448,520$43,386,463$44,193,941$46,431,112$49,793,489$50,050,729$50,265,872$53,401,993$51,349,255$49,772,539$52,527,661$51,902,623$55,194,428$57,731,605$57,975,539$57,666,969$59,870,769$59,874,769
Columbia Borough School District$16,546,647$17,043,159$17,715,468$18,145,511$19,315,885$21,105,624$21,469,360$22,589,349$23,485,622$24,706,111$24,170,842$23,244,146$23,493,976$23,995,674$24,028,140$25,493,137$25,103,101$26,102,439$26,667,710$24,773,640
Conestoga Valley School District$47,984,897$48,229,277$49,031,458$52,188,656$53,569,378$52,702,636$55,979,008$57,858,055$57,233,700$57,512,806$57,030,030$58,814,773$60,620,398$63,012,064$65,105,778$67,181,784$69,902,643$69,797,527$72,006,591$69,842,517
Donegal School District$29,268,556$30,739,258$32,281,779$32,486,127$32,835,139$32,375,161$36,593,814$38,206,695$42,646,850$43,118,131$47,262,484$44,586,442$45,411,784$46,715,616$48,792,744$49,601,222$52,708,130$51,923,730$52,977,401$50,534,266
Eastern Lancaster County School District$45,359,723$41,415,193$43,575,355$44,978,310$45,436,727$45,951,681$46,783,299$45,830,063$48,392,911$49,332,643$49,942,135$47,930,073$50,574,986$51,736,398$54,036,342$55,955,725$60,431,783$57,947,099$59,914,957$57,438,302
Elizabethtown Area School District$41,493,024$41,297,462$42,629,825$42,916,646$45,900,277$45,874,274$48,499,585$49,583,930$52,741,929$53,169,521$55,922,385$51,839,314$56,446,119$56,500,375$58,233,178$58,911,263$61,428,880$64,757,397$63,177,838$63,936,548
Ephrata Area School District$48,688,139$49,978,658$50,926,093$53,548,512$54,603,315$57,886,222$60,106,878$58,431,281$62,549,580$65,102,378$60,508,032$61,595,760$61,993,860$63,623,500$66,446,938$68,421,823$69,533,611$69,389,141$70,741,459$70,115,395
Hempfield School District$82,340,348$85,339,783$90,246,410$90,619,607$93,142,585$96,004,452$104,252,397$108,685,650$110,997,699$113,262,197$113,594,014$108,790,267$114,330,960$113,987,608$118,600,535$122,055,887$124,134,813$124,140,046$123,474,069$121,374,836
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$32,986,292$34,257,666$36,001,725$38,676,117$40,501,699$42,487,897$45,635,352$47,034,511$48,725,931$48,510,289$48,705,346$47,682,463$48,593,258$48,597,042$53,441,514$51,545,728$53,681,322$52,562,410$53,692,117$53,258,684
Manheim Central School District$39,234,872$39,841,415$40,630,735$40,870,709$41,351,373$43,009,830$44,592,392$49,265,212$47,160,657$48,297,675$47,166,728$45,138,830$49,935,280$46,001,528$50,049,398$51,721,018$53,716,765$53,194,569$57,143,909$56,935,467
Manheim Township School District$62,740,450$65,017,651$68,316,457$68,349,489$70,092,945$72,976,663$80,674,651$83,900,134$84,184,458$86,029,769$85,205,383$82,000,320$83,697,511$84,846,606$89,869,333$91,731,221$97,160,819$101,469,607$100,107,714$100,616,024
Penn Manor School District$62,896,651$62,138,286$71,504,470$67,947,049$67,904,814$69,343,193$73,093,930$73,314,060$75,880,199$77,252,221$73,456,346$72,952,136$73,469,390$73,628,426$76,706,053$80,672,056$84,993,574$84,362,322$89,609,360$88,534,268
Pequea Valley School District$26,999,716$27,171,289$27,356,379$27,279,350$29,953,422$27,971,758$32,217,091$32,314,631$34,461,893$33,108,473$32,333,463$33,703,321$33,190,752$32,703,386$36,449,521$35,667,366$39,018,932$37,392,712$39,940,927$38,334,598
Solanco School District$46,721,630$45,612,024$45,187,169$49,784,095$46,283,226$47,764,362$48,977,998$49,888,937$51,351,369$51,483,794$51,440,816$50,159,793$52,322,855$52,464,827$54,051,203$55,680,192$56,324,726$56,763,039$57,841,282$56,050,619
Warwick School District$49,325,353$52,014,810$54,957,371$57,583,196$58,877,829$59,123,460$62,506,028$63,190,015$63,822,171$67,209,252$65,755,809$64,548,319$64,281,492$66,183,854$69,499,309$69,419,668$70,546,616$73,710,744$77,070,228$76,517,349
Berks County$773,611,602$792,925,227$824,575,548$861,704,270$910,045,613$951,728,752$1,013,501,323$1,014,015,982$1,069,509,928$1,111,162,069$1,095,675,583$1,098,823,743$1,125,449,024$1,087,565,750$1,197,356,682$1,156,677,129$1,224,562,927$1,210,006,735$1,236,351,941$1,257,683,084
Chester County$956,754,341$1,007,338,818$1,061,400,602$1,142,214,490$1,182,216,768$1,226,753,899$1,290,857,591$1,289,736,045$1,338,573,829$1,361,084,830$1,337,927,087$1,324,244,582$1,344,482,292$1,349,417,605$1,396,398,233$1,464,614,635$1,496,629,669$1,506,740,993$1,540,229,777$1,511,331,339
Cumberland County$337,150,088$346,091,196$353,017,448$360,710,432$372,749,278$383,914,782$403,485,603$424,595,770$427,645,096$428,739,662$451,558,720$421,097,371$444,850,312$441,962,653$468,660,426$487,016,538$497,577,306$499,040,307$498,876,128$515,690,850
Dauphin County$525,142,598$545,286,351$543,404,338$553,053,047$578,530,509$607,653,191$610,951,775$639,724,798$644,633,663$635,045,950$628,046,286$580,828,867$598,404,460$631,594,478$622,467,983$739,425,653$657,835,434$675,411,871$696,158,606$708,444,084
Lebanon County$202,152,414$213,223,976$212,866,418$220,358,767$228,752,032$236,360,725$253,557,272$268,518,469$274,109,159$285,469,237$267,619,350$267,380,438$282,100,711$283,439,936$284,217,662$298,109,070$309,122,667$321,487,820$318,776,454$313,655,356
York County$749,163,551$773,596,722$807,544,340$840,970,791$908,429,751$993,684,995$968,049,786$1,002,903,672$1,072,860,604$1,092,002,712$1,096,886,206$1,063,488,114$1,102,761,737$1,085,905,090$1,189,339,977$1,197,806,449$1,226,480,376$1,201,443,355$1,243,473,859$1,313,299,398

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2020 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Decreasing
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Maintaining
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Decreasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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