Health






Critical factors in human health include access to health care, preventative care, and lifestyle. In Lancaster County, most residents under age 65 have health insurance, most mothers receive prenatal care, but many are overweight or obese which can put a person at greater risk for a wide variety of health problems.

In 2018, 12% of Lancaster County residents under age 65 were uninsured. This was higher than both the statewide and national rates of 7% and 10% respectively.

In 2019, rates of prenatal care in Lancaster County were highest among Asian births (85%) followed by Hispanic births (77%), African American births (73%), and white births (67%). Lancaster rates of prenatal care were higher than the state rates for all populations, with the exception of whites, which was 11 percentage points lower than the state rate. Since 2007, the rates among African Americans and Hispanics increased 16 and 15 points respectively.

In 2016-18, 69% of residents in Lancaster County were either overweight or obese, which was higher than the state and nation (both at 66%). The counties’ percentage was up 3 percentage points from 2011-13. The percentage of overweight and obese residents in Lancaster County in 2016-18 was higher than in all the comparison counties, with the exception of Berks/Schuylkill at 73%.

Residents’ current health level is as important as their access to healthcare. In Lancaster County, 18% of residents report being in fair or poor health, indicating that the majority of residents perceived their overall health as good, very good, or even excellent.

In 2018, Lancaster County's overall mortality rate was 672 per 100,000 residents, a decrease of 16% since 2000 and lower than the state rate.

However, Lancaster County’s mortality rate due to fatal drug poisonings (23 per 100,000 residents) increased 475% since 2000.

In other areas of health including mental illness, Lancaster County closely mirrors the state and surrounding counties:

  • In 2016-18, 4.3% of Lancaster County residents 18 and over reported mental illness, similar to the rate in 2014-16 of 4.6%. The state rate was 4.4% in 2016-18.
  • In 2015-17, Lancaster County's cancer incidence rate was 45 per 10,000 residents, slightly lower than the state with 47 per 10,000.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Not Applicable
Per-Student Spending Not Applicable
Students Receiving Special Education Services Not Applicable
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Not Applicable
College Graduation Rates Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Not Applicable
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Not Applicable
Air Quality Not Applicable
Water Use Not Applicable
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Not Applicable
Spending for Local Government Not Applicable
Spending for School Districts Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Working Poor Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Not Applicable
Median Home Value Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Not Applicable
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Not Applicable
Fatal Drug Overdoses Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
STEM Graduates Not Applicable
Science and Engineering Research and Development Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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