Financial Security
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity

Decreasing





Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18

What does this measure?

The type of transportation used on a daily basis by workers over the age of 16 who commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers who do not work at home, by race/ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Patterns of transportation usage impact environmental and transportation planning. These patterns may also reflect issues of poverty, location of employment, the availability and quality of public transit, local land use and environmental policies, or lifestyle choices of residents.

How does our county compare?

In 2014-18, white residents of Lancaster County report the highest levels of driving alone to work (83%), versus carpooling (10%), taking public transportation (1%) or using another form of transportation, including motorcycles, bicycles, taxis or walking (6%). In comparison, 79% of Asians, 74% of African Americans and 69% of Hispanics report driving alone to work. Each of these groups reports higher rates of alternate means of transportation.

In the City of Lancaster, 68% of white residents report driving along, while 13% report carpooling, 4% report taking public transportation, and 16% report other means, such as using motorcycles, bicycles, taxis or walking. By comparison, 54% of Asians, 67% of African Americans, and 58% of Hispanics report driving alone to work.

Surrounding counties report fairly similar statistics for the period. In Berks, 86% of whites, 74% of Asians, 70% of African Americans, and 65% of Hispanics report driving alone to work. In Chester, 87% of whites, 80% of Asians, 74% of African Americans, and 659 of Hispanics report driving alone to work. In Cumberland, 87% of whites, 76% of Asians, 76% of African Americans, and 77% of Hispanics report driving alone to work. In Dauphin, 86% of whites, 74% of Asians, 70% of African Americans, and 68% of Hispanics report driving alone to work. In Lebanon, 86% of whites, 66% of Asians, 62% of African Americans, and 72% of Hispanics report driving alone to work. In York, 89% of whites, 77% of Asians, 75% of African Americans, and 78% of Hispanics report driving alone to work.

Why do these disparities exist?

Historic and current policies and systems, from racist housing policies to employment discrimination to education systems that fail to equitably serve all populations, have prevented people of color from fully participating in our economy, locking them out of economic opportunity. This can result in less ability to afford a private vehicle. In addition, people of color tend to live in urbanized areas at higher rates, where public transit systems are more available.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.


Means of Transportation to Work by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Pennsylvania8%83%3%5%
Lancaster County10%83%1%6%
Lancaster City13%68%4%*16%
Lancaster County Boroughs
Columbia borough10%**80%5%**5%**
Denver township11%**84%0%***5%***
East Petersburg borough5%***91%1%***2%***
Elizabethtown borough7%**81%2%***10%*
Ephrata borough10%*88%0%***2%***
Lititz borough9%**85%0%***7%**
Manheim borough8%***84%0%***8%***
Marietta borough6%**89%1%***4%**
Millersville borough5%***82%3%***10%**
Mount Joy borough5%***90%2%***3%***
Mountville borough6%***89%*5%***0%***
New Holland borough10%***85%0%***4%***
Quarryville borough12%**83%0%***5%***
Strasburg borough8%**91%0%***2%***
Terre Hill borough7%***90%*0%***3%***
Adamstown borough6%***92%1%***1%***
Akron borough8%***86%0%***6%***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township29%*55%0%***16%**
Brecknock township11%**83%0%***6%***
Caernarvon township16%*77%0%***7%**
Clay township8%***88%0%***4%***
Colerain township23%**68%*0%***9%**
Conestoga township3%***95%0%***3%***
Conoy township6%***94%0%***1%***
Drumore township18%*79%0%***3%***
Earl township23%*57%*0%***20%*
East Cocalico township12%*87%0%***1%***
East Donegal township6%***93%0%***1%***
East Drumore township15%**80%*0%***5%***
East Earl township22%***68%0%***10%***
East Hempfield township5%*91%1%***3%**
West Cocalico township9%***88%0%***3%***
West Donegal township5%***92%0%***3%***
West Earl township13%*72%1%***14%**
West Hempfield township6%**91%0%***3%***
West Lampeter township6%**93%0%***1%***
East Lampeter township9%**83%0%***7%*
Eden township32%*54%1%***13%**
Elizabeth township6%**91%0%***2%***
Ephrata township8%*87%0%***5%*
Fulton township20%*70%*1%***9%**
Lancaster township9%*87%2%***2%***
Leacock township37%*36%*0%***27%**
Little Britain township10%***88%0%***2%***
Manheim township8%*87%2%**4%*
Manor township9%*89%0%***1%***
Martic township11%**85%0%***4%***
Mount Joy township8%**90%1%***2%***
Paradise township31%*59%0%***10%**
Penn township10%**86%1%***3%***
Pequea township7%***91%0%***2%***
Providence township14%**84%0%***1%***
Rapho township9%**89%1%***1%***
Sadsbury township26%*63%0%***11%**
Salisbury township24%*65%1%***10%*
Strasburg township25%***71%1%***4%***
Upper Leacock township14%*76%0%***9%*
Warwick township7%*90%0%***3%**
Lebanon County8%86%1%**5%
York County8%89%1%2%
Berks County8%86%1%5%
Chester County7%87%2%4%
Cumberland County8%87%1%*5%
Dauphin County8%86%1%*5%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, by Race/Ethnicity, 2014-18
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Pennsylvania403,7084,011,074162,070235,328
Lancaster County23,578186,8362,09612,595
Lancaster City2,16211,722671*2,738
Lancaster County Boroughs
Columbia borough361**2,945202**195**
Denver township191**1,5120***93***
East Petersburg borough137***2,37132***52***
Elizabethtown borough357**4,16081***513*
Ephrata borough645*5,50218***112***
Lititz borough368**3,60211***278**
Manheim borough187***1,8670***177***
Marietta borough77**1,12311***49**
Millersville borough200***3,06499***360**
Mount Joy borough216***3,65961***112***
Mountville borough69***1,006*53***0***
New Holland borough252***2,0930***107***
Quarryville borough137**9514***55***
Strasburg borough111**1,3410***23***
Terre Hill borough44***557*0***21***
Adamstown borough65***98010***9***
Akron borough156***1,6916***109***
Lancaster County Townships
Bart township360*6790***200**
Brecknock township406**3,1450***242***
Caernarvon township296*1,4170***131**
Clay township233***2,5200***102***
Colerain township313**908*0***117**
Conestoga township55***1,8850***52***
Conoy township86***1,4220***12***
Drumore township214*9290***35***
Earl township622*1,536*0***534*
East Cocalico township594*4,27412***55***
East Donegal township232***3,5290***44***
East Drumore township243**1,261*0***80***
East Earl township616***1,9400***289***
East Hempfield township502*9,13160***334**
West Cocalico township303***3,1440***113***
West Donegal township170***3,2850***116***
West Earl township472*2,53032***492**
West Hempfield township478**6,9290***208***
West Lampeter township406**6,08816***39***
East Lampeter township611**5,40718***452*
Eden township261*4457***107**
Elizabeth township135**1,9000***43***
Ephrata township335*3,85912***230*
Fulton township235*804*9***102**
Lancaster township473*4,703105***130***
Leacock township831*802*0***595**
Little Britain township187***1,7120***36***
Manheim township1,216*13,982351**599*
Manor township895*8,58012***137***
Martic township284**2,1400***104***
Mount Joy township430**5,10134***116***
Paradise township767*1,4780***256**
Penn township388**3,44729***140***
Pequea township185***2,3220***55***
Providence township459**2,7219***45***
Rapho township527**4,95639***55***
Sadsbury township301*7344***122**
Salisbury township1,086*2,92751***431*
Strasburg township429***1,23119***61***
Upper Leacock township525*2,78518***320*
Warwick township640*7,8070***245**
Lebanon County4,76648,463373**2,571
York County16,240169,6751,1244,365
Berks County13,677140,4461,4527,432
Chester County14,831185,4065,2737,648
Cumberland County8,19491,690761*4,897
Dauphin County7,39583,0301,104*5,276**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Not Applicable
Per-Student Spending Not Applicable
Students Receiving Special Education Services Not Applicable
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Not Applicable
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Not Applicable
College Graduation Rates Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Not Applicable
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Not Applicable
Air Quality Not Applicable
Water Use Not Applicable
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Not Applicable
Language Diversity Not Applicable
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Not Applicable
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Not Applicable
Spending for Local Government Not Applicable
Spending for School Districts Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Not Applicable
Working Poor Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Not Applicable
Median Home Value Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Not Applicable
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Households Without Vehicles Not Applicable
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Not Applicable
Fatal Drug Overdoses Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Not Applicable
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Not Applicable
STEM Graduates Not Applicable
Science and Engineering Research and Development Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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