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Children And Education
Per-Student Spending

Maintaining


Per Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given many other factors that contribute to student success, including socioeconomic and parental influences.

How does our county compare?

In 2019, Lancaster County school districts spent about $17,900 per student, about 2% less than the statewide level of $18,300. The county rate represented a 54% increase since 2001, compared to a 45% increase at the statewide level.

The Lancaster City School District spent about $20,400 per student, a 62% increase since 2001.

Among surrounding counties, 2019 per-student spending was higher in Chester ($19,600), similar in Dauphin ($17,800), and less in Berks ($17,600), York ($17,400), Cumberland ($15,600), and Lebanon ($15,400). Since 2001, per-student spending increased more than Lancaster in only York (56%). Cumberland and Dauphin saw the lowest percent increase from 2001 at 34% and 32% respectively.

Notes about the data

Figures are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and have been adjusted to 2019 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year.

Per Student Spending
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Pennsylvania$12,592$13,033$13,342$13,917$14,203$14,565$14,858$15,109$15,664$16,051$16,110$15,710$16,047$16,220$17,102$17,496$18,498$17,901$18,291
Lancaster County$11,610$11,767$12,161$12,503$12,596$12,874$13,745$14,203$14,920$15,021$14,878$14,711$15,099$15,465$16,296$16,545$17,295$17,453$17,884
School District of Lancaster$12,571$13,132$13,094$13,792$13,375$13,945$14,816$15,828$17,859$16,640$16,601$17,109$16,764$17,973$18,653$17,968$19,300$19,810$20,368
Cocalico School District$10,865$11,430$11,424$11,843$11,940$12,498$13,569$14,119$14,213$15,265$14,922$14,847$15,688$16,068$17,258$18,121$18,308$18,269$19,132
Columbia Borough School District$10,634$10,649$11,055$11,666$12,534$13,608$14,292$14,863$15,692$16,701$17,105$15,902$15,738$16,107$16,007$17,262$16,295$17,242$17,988
Conestoga Valley School District$12,556$12,435$12,386$12,910$13,186$12,839$13,533$14,132$13,743$13,680$13,338$13,160$13,353$14,015$14,306$14,939$15,886$15,807$16,485
Donegal School District$11,152$11,809$12,191$12,223$11,782$11,316$12,552$13,098$14,438$14,435$15,637$14,632$14,849$15,198$15,771$15,624$16,681$16,359$16,710
Eastern Lancaster County School District$12,465$11,222$12,046$12,580$12,832$12,942$13,365$13,242$14,522$14,866$15,014$14,654$15,376$15,971$16,575$17,505$19,216$18,368$19,260
Elizabethtown Area School District$10,525$10,514$10,774$10,866$11,443$11,269$11,896$12,186$12,878$12,956$13,587$12,698$13,954$14,033$14,540$14,648$15,437$16,376$15,873
Ephrata Area School District$11,013$11,240$11,897$12,750$12,942$13,864$14,449$14,093$15,090$15,448$14,204$14,338$14,323$14,753$15,500$15,982$16,261$16,237$16,430
Hempfield School District$11,105$11,430$12,158$12,058$12,386$12,926$13,943$14,569$15,017$15,613$15,696$15,226$16,295$16,301$17,044$17,341$17,477$17,644$17,233
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$10,684$10,927$11,128$11,798$12,250$12,550$13,428$13,807$14,396$14,963$14,811$14,744$15,105$15,294$17,006$16,658$17,163$16,592$17,189
Manheim Central School District$12,470$12,553$12,872$12,904$13,126$13,621$14,405$15,693$15,296$15,636$15,151$14,992$16,406$15,058$16,488$17,171$17,325$16,847$18,147
Manheim Township School District$12,050$12,164$12,543$12,371$12,588$12,825$14,094$14,413$14,317$14,539$14,016$13,500$13,881$14,270$15,119$15,534$16,456$17,104$16,754
Penn Manor School District$11,521$11,415$13,046$12,348$12,224$12,565$13,413$13,468$13,947$14,158$13,474$13,521$13,704$13,708$14,338$14,891$15,644$15,422$16,039
Pequea Valley School District$14,074$13,783$13,501$13,484$15,094$14,170$16,580$16,821$18,168$17,596$17,761$18,647$18,764$18,093$21,010$21,546$25,068$23,823$26,180
Solanco School District$11,006$10,921$10,927$12,265$11,324$11,650$12,183$12,469$13,055$13,312$13,270$12,866$13,562$13,746$14,348$15,066$15,370$15,852$16,554
Warwick School District$10,504$10,963$11,433$12,113$12,406$12,307$12,866$13,115$13,438$14,234$14,148$14,062$14,104$14,787$16,024$16,288$16,557$17,478$18,597
Berks County$11,978$12,071$12,187$12,536$12,971$13,295$13,989$14,045$14,900$15,529$15,187$15,306$15,810$15,423$17,089$16,515$17,541$17,267$17,603
Chester County$14,470$14,983$15,409$16,315$16,610$16,854$17,526$17,334$17,869$17,953$17,544$17,309$17,524$17,467$18,132$19,042$19,266$19,252$19,573
Cumberland County$11,683$11,980$12,157$12,343$12,807$13,024$13,593$14,344$14,536$14,485$15,223$14,100$14,820$14,539$15,382$15,919$15,998$15,886$15,643
Dauphin County$13,529$14,042$14,017$14,133$14,843$15,599$15,704$16,522$16,682$16,775$16,724$15,908$16,210$17,067$16,736$19,759$17,374$17,540$17,843
Lebanon County$11,051$11,547$11,402$11,597$11,834$12,196$12,983$13,604$13,968$14,505$13,683$13,577$14,135$14,295$14,237$14,891$15,443$15,575$15,386
York County$11,150$11,473$11,879$12,204$13,066$14,036$13,518$13,985$14,981$15,324$15,323$14,862$15,489$15,282$16,787$16,800$17,199$16,763$17,354

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.




Total Spending
2001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Pennsylvania$22,662,061,439$23,498,212,953$24,150,627,799$25,234,503,680$25,716,912,582$26,413,490,108$26,881,220,441$27,210,193,620$28,000,481,039$28,525,551,745$28,524,849,955$27,572,306,948$28,055,301,705$28,216,553,031$29,540,386,392$30,154,827,922$31,806,346,097$30,758,618,989$31,396,049,186
Lancaster County$799,858,483$818,209,895$849,760,992$876,340,817$887,805,435$912,763,322$972,062,349$999,913,536$1,045,403,116$1,046,401,201$1,038,758,503$1,024,214,640$1,051,864,466$1,070,099,047$1,123,173,191$1,135,229,481$1,186,079,608$1,194,774,981$1,217,689,090
School District of Lancaster$137,434,362$146,248,216$146,626,241$156,462,012$152,909,179$161,029,024$170,772,465$179,886,825$201,908,337$185,524,448$185,442,658$191,726,421$191,587,287$204,873,670$213,886,504$204,916,905$221,320,437$225,552,379$225,690,884
Cocalico School District$37,546,835$39,666,279$40,943,407$42,857,734$43,655,372$45,865,280$49,186,681$49,440,786$49,653,307$52,751,209$50,723,488$49,165,986$51,887,533$51,270,112$54,521,801$57,028,059$57,269,020$56,964,210$59,141,154
Columbia Borough School District$16,345,001$16,835,463$17,499,578$17,924,381$19,080,492$20,848,421$21,207,723$22,314,064$23,199,414$24,405,030$23,876,284$22,960,881$23,207,667$23,703,250$23,735,321$25,182,465$24,797,182$25,784,341$26,342,724
Conestoga Valley School District$47,400,129$47,641,531$48,433,937$51,552,659$52,916,555$52,060,375$55,296,820$57,152,968$56,536,222$56,811,926$56,335,034$58,098,027$59,881,647$62,244,167$64,312,366$66,363,073$69,050,775$68,946,939$71,129,082
Donegal School District$28,911,875$30,364,654$31,888,377$32,090,235$32,434,993$31,980,621$36,147,863$37,741,089$42,127,134$42,592,671$46,686,520$44,043,089$44,858,373$46,146,316$48,198,132$48,996,756$52,065,803$51,290,961$52,331,792
Eastern Lancaster County School District$44,806,947$40,910,486$43,044,324$44,430,181$44,883,012$45,391,691$46,213,174$45,271,555$47,803,171$48,731,451$49,333,516$47,345,973$49,958,654$51,105,912$53,377,828$55,273,821$59,695,331$57,240,926$59,184,803
Elizabethtown Area School District$40,987,369$40,794,191$42,110,317$42,393,642$45,340,914$45,315,227$47,908,545$48,979,676$52,099,189$52,521,571$55,240,887$51,207,575$55,758,239$55,811,833$57,523,519$58,193,341$60,680,277$63,968,231$62,407,921
Ephrata Area School District$48,094,801$49,369,594$50,305,482$52,895,943$53,937,892$57,180,792$59,374,386$57,719,208$61,787,320$64,309,008$59,770,651$60,845,123$61,238,372$62,848,152$65,637,183$67,588,001$68,686,239$68,543,531$69,879,369
Hempfield School District$81,336,908$84,299,789$89,146,622$89,515,271$92,007,503$94,834,494$102,981,925$107,361,153$109,645,026$111,881,928$112,209,700$107,464,494$112,937,666$112,598,498$117,155,209$120,568,453$122,622,044$122,627,214$121,969,353
Lampeter-Strasburg School District$32,584,305$33,840,185$35,562,990$38,204,791$40,008,125$41,970,118$45,079,216$46,461,325$48,132,133$47,919,118$48,111,798$47,101,380$48,001,076$48,004,814$52,790,249$50,917,566$53,027,135$51,921,858$53,037,798
Manheim Central School District$38,756,736$39,355,887$40,135,588$40,372,638$40,847,444$42,485,691$44,048,967$48,664,842$46,585,934$47,709,096$46,591,930$44,588,745$49,326,744$45,440,931$49,439,471$51,090,720$53,062,146$52,546,313$56,447,525
Manheim Township School District$61,975,863$64,225,313$67,483,919$67,516,548$69,238,757$72,087,333$79,691,509$82,877,685$83,158,544$84,981,368$84,167,028$81,001,023$82,677,531$83,812,622$88,774,140$90,613,339$95,976,769$100,233,048$98,887,751
Penn Manor School District$62,130,161$61,381,037$70,633,081$67,119,012$67,077,292$68,498,142$72,203,171$72,420,618$74,955,485$76,310,787$72,561,170$72,063,105$72,574,055$72,731,153$75,771,275$79,688,946$83,957,799$83,334,241$88,517,335
Pequea Valley School District$26,670,684$26,840,166$27,023,000$26,946,910$29,588,395$27,630,881$31,824,477$31,920,829$34,041,923$32,704,997$31,939,432$33,292,596$32,786,273$32,304,846$36,005,329$35,232,706$38,543,428$36,937,026$39,454,187
Solanco School District$46,152,257$45,056,173$44,636,496$49,177,401$45,719,195$47,182,282$48,381,128$49,280,966$50,725,575$50,856,387$50,813,932$49,548,521$51,685,223$51,825,464$53,392,508$55,001,646$55,638,325$56,071,296$57,136,400
Warwick School District$48,724,250$51,380,931$54,287,633$56,881,458$58,160,315$58,402,952$61,744,298$62,419,950$63,044,402$66,390,206$64,954,476$63,761,701$63,498,126$65,377,305$68,652,356$68,573,686$69,686,899$72,812,468$76,131,011
Berks County$764,183,985$783,262,244$814,526,859$851,203,112$898,955,343$940,130,510$1,001,150,290$1,001,658,677$1,056,476,347$1,097,620,893$1,082,323,134$1,085,432,929$1,111,733,741$1,074,312,132$1,182,765,096$1,142,581,285$1,209,639,792$1,195,260,989$1,221,285,139
Chester County$945,094,855$995,062,884$1,048,465,845$1,128,294,894$1,167,809,684$1,211,804,064$1,275,126,557$1,274,018,678$1,322,261,300$1,344,497,971$1,321,622,440$1,308,106,676$1,328,097,759$1,332,972,928$1,379,381,028$1,446,766,110$1,478,390,993$1,488,379,095$1,521,459,768
Cumberland County$333,041,409$341,873,555$348,715,402$356,314,634$368,206,769$379,236,205$398,568,526$419,421,434$422,433,599$423,514,826$446,055,800$415,965,669$439,429,144$436,576,676$462,949,096$481,081,512$491,513,581$492,958,752$492,796,574
Dauphin County$518,742,948$538,641,219$536,782,141$546,313,267$571,480,248$600,248,026$603,506,412$631,928,793$636,777,836$627,306,963$620,392,600$573,750,596$591,112,005$623,897,553$614,882,277$730,414,643$649,818,723$667,180,965$687,674,870
Lebanon County$199,688,884$210,625,522$210,272,322$217,673,365$225,964,346$233,480,315$250,467,296$265,246,169$270,768,728$281,990,367$264,358,007$264,122,006$278,662,891$279,985,795$280,754,044$294,476,164$305,355,543$317,570,009$314,891,685
York County$740,033,870$764,169,286$797,703,202$830,722,301$897,359,173$981,575,454$956,252,648$990,681,787$1,059,786,190$1,078,695,022$1,083,519,003$1,050,527,918$1,089,322,933$1,072,671,709$1,174,846,087$1,183,209,382$1,211,533,874$1,186,801,967$1,228,320,266

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 English Not Applicable
Student Performance in Grade 11 Math Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
College Graduation Rates Decreasing
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Not Applicable
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Violent Crime Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate Maintaining
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population Density Increasing
Air Quality Increasing
Water Use Decreasing
Waterways Impaired by Pollution Not Applicable
Population by Age Not Applicable
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People with Disabilities Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Workers by Occupation Not Applicable
Change in Labor Force Maintaining
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio Maintaining
Employer Size Not Applicable
Change in Number of Businesses by Sector Increasing
Change in Total Agricultural Sales Increasing
Spending for Local Government Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Working Poor Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Receiving Temporary Assistance Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Occupied Housing Units Decreasing
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Rent Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Health Status Maintaining
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Mortality Rates Decreasing
Fatal Drug Overdoses Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
High-Tech Jobs Increasing
STEM Graduates Increasing
Science and Engineering Research and Development Maintaining
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Homeownership by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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